September 13 Events
585 BC - Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, king of Rome, celebrates a triumph for his victories over the Sabines, and the surrender of Collatia. 509 BC - The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September. 379 - Yax Nuun Ahiin I is crowned as 15th Ajaw of Tikal 533 - Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire defeats Gelimer and the Vandals at the Battle of Ad Decimum, near Carthage, North Africa. 1229 - Ögedei Khan is proclaimed Khagan of the Mongol Empire in Kodoe Aral, Khentii: Mongolia. 1437 - Battle of Tangier: a Portuguese expeditionary force initiates a failed attempt to seize the Moroccan citadel of Tangier. 1501 - Italian Renaissance: Michelangelo begins work on his statue of . David 1504 - Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand issue a Royal Warrant for the construction of a Royal Chapel to be built. 1541 - After three years of exile, John Calvin returns to Geneva to reform the church under a body of doctrine known as Calvinism. 1584 - San Lorenzo del Escorial Palace in Madrid is finished. 1609 - Henry Hudson reaches the river that would later be named after him - the Hudson River. 1645 - Wars of the Three Kingdoms: Scottish Royalists are defeated by Covenanters at the Battle of Philiphaugh. 1743 - Great Britain, Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms. 1759 - Battle of the Plains of Abraham: the British defeat the French near Quebec City in the Seven Years' War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War. 1782 - American Revolutionary War: Franco-Spanish troops launch the unsuccessful "grand assault" during the Great Siege of Gibraltar. 1788 - The Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the first presidential election in the United States, and New York City becomes the country's temporary capital. 1791 - King Louis XVI of France accepts the new constitution. 1808 - Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero. 1812 - War of 1812: A supply wagon sent to relieve Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Attack at the Narrows. 1814 - In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore. During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which is later set to music and becomes the United States' national anthem. 1843 - The Greek Army rebels against the autocratic rule of king Otto of Greece, demanding the granting of a constitution. 1847 - Mexican–American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American troops under General Winfield Scott capture Mexico City in the Mexican–American War. 1848 - Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives an iron rod in diameter being driven through his brain; the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate discussion of the nature of the brain and its functions. 1862 - American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee's battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam. 1882 - Anglo-Egyptian War: The Battle of Tel el-Kebir is fought. 1898 - Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film. 1899 - Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident. 1899 - Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian, the highest peak of Mount Kenya. 1900 - Filipino insurgents defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War. 1906 - The Santos-Dumont 14-bis makes a short hop, the first flight of a fixed-wing aircraft in Europe. 1914 - World War I: The Battle of Aisne begins between Germany and France. 1922 - The final act of the Greco-Turkish War, the Great Fire of Smyrna, commences. 1923 - Following a military coup in Spain, Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship. 1933 - Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first woman elected to the New Zealand Parliament. 1942 - World War II: Second day of the Battle of Edson's Ridge in the Guadalcanal Campaign. U.S. Marines successfully defeated attacks by the Japanese with heavy losses for the Japanese forces. 1944 - World War II: Start of the Battle of Meligalas between the Greek Resistance forces of the Greek People's Liberation Army and the collaborationist security battalions. 1948 - Deputy Prime Minister of India Vallabhbhai Patel orders the Army to move into Hyderabad to integrate it with the Indian Union. 1948 - Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate. 1953 - Nikita Khrushchev is appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. 1956 - The IBM 305 RAMAC is introduced, the first commercial computer to use disk storage. 1956 - The dike around the Dutch polder East Flevoland is closed. 1962 - An appeals court orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith, the first African-American student admitted to the segregated university. 1964 - South Vietnamese Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức fail in a coup attempt against General Nguyễn Khánh. 1964 - Martin Luther King Jr. addresses a crowd of 20,000 West Berliners on Sunday, in Waldbühne. 1968 - Cold War: Albania leaves the Warsaw Pact. 1971 - State police and National Guardsmen storm New York's Attica Prison to quell a prison revolt, which claimed 43 lives. 1971 - Chairman Mao Zedong's second in command and successor Marshal Lin Biao flees the People's Republic of China after the failure of an alleged coup. His plane crashes in Mongolia, killing all aboard. 1977 - General Motors introduces Diesel engine, with Oldsmobile Diesel engine, in the Delta 88, Oldsmobile 98, and Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser models amongst others. 1979 - South Africa grants independence to the "homeland" of Venda. 1985 - is released in Japan for the Super Mario Bros. NES, which starts the Super Mario series of platforming games. 1987 - Goiânia accident: A radioactive object is stolen from an abandoned hospital in Goiânia, Brazil, contaminating many people in the following weeks and causing some to die from radiation poisoning. 1988 - Hurricane Gilbert is the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere, later replaced by Hurricane Wilma in 2005. 1989 - Largest anti-Apartheid march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu. 1993 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin shakes hands with Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House after signing the Oslo Accords granting limited Palestinian autonomy. 2001 - Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the United States after the September 11 attacks. 2007 - The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. 2008 - Delhi, India, is hit by a series of bomb blasts, resulting in 30 deaths and 130 injuries. 2008 - Hurricane Ike makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast of the United States, causing heavy damage to Galveston Island, Houston, and surrounding areas. 2013 - Taliban insurgents attack the United States consulate in Herat, Afghanistan, with two members of the Afghan National Police reported dead and about 20 civilians injured. 2018 - The Merrimack Valley gas explosions: One person is killed, 25 are injured, and 40 homes are destroyed when excessive natural gas pressure caused fires and explosions. Births AD 64 - Julia Flavia, Roman daughter of Titus 678 - K'inich Ahkal Mo' Nahb III, Mayan ruler 1087 - John II Komnenos, Byzantine emperor 1373 - Minkhaung I, King of Ava 1475 - Cesare Borgia, Italian cardinal 1502 - John Leland, English poet and historian 1521 - William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, English academic and politician, Lord High Treasurer 1583 - Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian pianist and composer 1594 - Francesco Manelli, Italian theorbo player and composer 1604 - Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English commander and politician 1755 - Oliver Evans, American inventor, engineer and businessman 1802 - Arnold Ruge, German philosopher and author 1813 - John Sedgwick, American general and educator 1818 - Lucy Goode Brooks, Former American slave and a founder of Friends' Asylum for Colored Orphans 1819 - Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer 1830 - Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian author 1842 - John H. Bankhead, American soldier and politician 1851 - Walter Reed, American physician and biologist 1857 - Michał Drzymała, Polish rebel and activist 1857 - Milton S. Hershey, American businessman, founded The Hershey Company 1860 - John J. Pershing, American general and lawyer 1865 - William Birdwood, Indian-English field marshal 1872 - Kijūrō Shidehara, Japanese politician and diplomat, 44th Prime Minister of Japan 1873 - Constantin Carathéodory, German mathematician and author 1874 - Henry F. Ashurst, American lawyer and politician 1874 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer and painter 1876 - Sherwood Anderson, American novelist and short story writer 1877 - Wilhelm Filchner, German-Swiss explorer 1877 - Stanley Lord, English captain 1880 - Jesse L. Lasky, American film producer, co-founded Famous Players-Lasky 1882 - Ramón Grau, Cuban physician and politician, 6th President of Cuba 1883 - LeRoy Samse, American pole vaulter 1883 - Petros Voulgaris, Greek admiral and politician, 136th Prime Minister of Greece 1885 - Wilhelm Blaschke, Austrian-German mathematician and academic 1886 - Amelie Beese, German pilot and sculptor 1886 - Robert Robinson, English chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1887 - Leopold Ružička, Croatian-Swiss biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1890 - Antony Noghès, French-Monegasque businessman, founded the Monaco Grand Prix 1891 - Max Pruss, German captain and pilot 1893 - Larry Shields, American clarinet player 1894 - J. B. Priestley, English novelist and playwright 1894 - Julian Tuwim, Polish poet, playwright, and director 1895 - Morris Kirksey, American rugby player and sprinter 1898 - Roger Désormière, French conductor and composer 1898 - C. Sittampalam, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician 1899 - Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician 1903 - Claudette Colbert, French-American actress 1904 - Alberta Williams King, American civil rights organizer, mother of Martin Luther King, Jr. 1904 - Gladys George, American actress 1908 - Chu Berry, American saxophonist 1908 - Karolos Koun, Greek director and playwright 1908 - Sicco Mansholt, Dutch farmer and politician, 4th President of the European Commission 1908 - Mae Questel, American actress and vocal artist 1909 - Ray Bowden, English footballer 1909 - Frits Thors, Dutch journalist and radio host 1911 - Bill Monroe, American singer-songwriter and mandolin player 1912 - Maurice K. Goddard, American colonel and politician 1912 - Reta Shaw, American actress 1914 - Leonard Feather, English-American pianist, composer, producer, and journalist 1916 - Roald Dahl, British novelist, poet, and screenwriter 1917 - Carol Kendall, American historian and author 1917 - Robert Ward, American soldier, composer, and educator 1918 - Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter and conductor 1918 - Dick Haymes, Argentinian actor and singer 1919 - Mary Midgley, English philosopher and author 1919 - George Weidenfeld, Baron Weidenfeld, Austrian-English journalist, publisher, and philanthropist 1920 - Else Holmelund Minarik, Danish-American journalist and author 1922 - Charles Brown, American singer and pianist 1922 - Caroline Duby Glassman, American lawyer and jurist 1923 - Édouard Boubat, French photographer and journalist 1924 - Harold Blair, Australian tenor and educator 1924 - Scott Brady, American actor 1924 - Maurice Jarre, French composer and conductor 1925 - Mel Tormé, American singer-songwriter and actor 1926 - Andrew Brimmer, American economist and academic 1926 - Emile Francis, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager 1926 - J. Frank Raley Jr., American soldier and politician 1927 - Laura Cardoso, Brazilian actress 1928 - Robert Indiana, American painter and sculptor 1928 - Tzannis Tzannetakis, Greek soldier and politician, 175th Prime Minister of Greece 1930 - Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, English publisher and philanthropist 1931 - Barbara Bain, American actress 1931 - Robert Bédard, Canadian tennis player and sportscaster 1931 - Marjorie Jackson-Nelson, Australian sprinter and politician, 33rd Governor of South Australia 1931 - Rein Maran, Estonian cinematographer 1932 - Fernando González Pacheco, Spanish-Colombian journalist and actor 1932 - Radoslav Brzobohatý, Czech actor 1932 - Bengt Hallberg, Swedish pianist and composer 1933 - Eileen Fulton, American actress 1933 - Donald Mackay, Australian businessman and activist 1933 - Lewie Steinberg, American bass player 1934 - Tony Pickard, English tennis player and coach 1936 - Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian activist, founded National Vanguard 1937 - Don Bluth, American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Sullivan Bluth Studios and Fox Animation Studios 1938 - John Smith, Scottish lawyer and politician, Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer 1939 - Arleen Auger, American soprano and educator 1939 - Richard Kiel, American actor and voice artist 1939 - Guntis Ulmanis, Latvian economist and politician, 5th President of Latvia 1939 - Joel-Peter Witkin, American photographer 1940 - Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, President of Costa Rica, Nobel Prize laureate 1940 - Kerry Stokes, Australian businessman 1941 - Tadao Ando, Japanese architect and academic, designed Piccadilly Gardens 1941 - David Clayton-Thomas, English-Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist 1941 - Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Turkish judge and politician, 10th President of the Republic of Turkey 1942 - Michel Côté, Canadian businessman and politician 1943 - Mildred D. Taylor, American author 1944 - Carol Barnes, English journalist 1944 - Jacqueline Bisset, English actress and producer 1944 - Peter Cetera, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer 1944 - Midget Farrelly, Australian surfer 1944 - Leslie Harvey, Scottish guitarist 1945 - Noël Godin, Belgian actor, director, and screenwriter 1945 - Andres Küng, Swedish journalist and politician 1946 - Frank Marshall, American director and producer 1946 - Henri Kuprashvili, Georgian swimmer 1948 - Nell Carter, American actress and singer 1948 - Dimitri Nanopoulos, Greek physicist and academic 1948 - Sitiveni Rabuka, Fijian general and politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Fiji 1949 - John W. Henry, American businessman 1950 - Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Polish lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Poland 1950 - Pat Holland, English footballer and manager 1950 - Jeff Lowe, American mountaineer 1951 - Anne Devlin, Irish author, playwright, and screenwriter 1951 - Salva Kiir Mayardit, South Sudanese politician, 1st President of South Sudan 1951 - Jean Smart, American actress 1952 - Réjean Giroux, Canadian ice hockey player 1952 - Randy Jones, American pop and disco singer 1952 - Don Was, American bass player and producer 1954 - Steve Kilbey, English-Australian singer-songwriter and bass player 1955 - Colin Moynihan, 4th Baron Moynihan, English rower and politician, Minister for Sport and the Olympics 1955 - Joe Morris, American guitarist and composer 1956 - Alain Ducasse, French-Monégasque chef 1956 - Anne Geddes, Australian-New Zealand photographer and fashion designer 1956 - Joni Sledge, American singer and songwriter 1957 - Vinny Appice, American rock drummer 1957 - Judy Blumberg, American ice dancer and sportscaster 1957 - Mal Donaghy, Irish footballer and manager 1957 - Brad Hooker, English-American philosopher and academic 1957 - Eleanor King, English lawyer and judge 1957 - John G. Trueschler, American lawyer and politician 1957 - Mark Wiebe, American golfer 1957 - Keith Black, American neurosurgeon and academic 1958 - Bobby Davro, English comedian and actor 1958 - Paweł Przytocki, Polish conductor and academic 1958 - Kōji Tamaki, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor 1959 - Tatyana Mitkova, Russian journalist 1960 - Kevin Carter, South African photojournalist 1961 - Dave Mustaine, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1961 - KK Null, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist 1961 - Peter Roskam, American lawyer and politician 1962 - Neal Lancaster, American golfer 1962 - Tõnu Õnnepalu, Estonian author 1963 - Yuri Alexandrov, Russian boxer 1963 - Antony Galione, Professor of Pharmacology at the University of Oxford 1963 - Theodoros Roussopoulos, Greek journalist and politician 1963 - Robin Smith, South African-English cricketer 1964 - Tavis Smiley, American talk show host, journalist, and author 1965 - Annie Duke, American poker player and author 1965 - Jeff Ross, American comedian, director, and author 1965 - Zak Starkey, English drummer 1966 - Maria Furtwängler, German physician and actress 1966 - Brendan Hall, Australian rugby league player 1967 - Michael Johnson, American former sprinter and journalist 1967 - Tim "Ripper" Owens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1967 - Stephen Perkins, American drummer and songwriter 1968 - Brad Johnson, American football player 1968 - Bernie Williams, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and guitarist 1969 - Daniel Fonseca, Uruguayan footballer 1969 - Tyler Perry, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1969 - Shane Warne, Australian cricketer, coach, and sportscaster 1970 - Lee Abramson, American bass player and composer 1970 - Martín Herrera, Argentinian footballer 1970 - Louise Lombard, English actress 1971 - Ben Alexander, Australian rugby league player 1971 - Goran Ivanišević, Croatian tennis player and coach 1971 - Stella McCartney, English fashion designer 1971 - Manabu Namiki, Japanese pianist and composer 1973 - Christine Arron, French runner 1973 - Fabio Cannavaro, Italian footballer and manager 1973 - Carlo Nash, English footballer and photographer 1974 - Travis Knight, American basketball player 1974 - Éric Lapointe, Canadian football player 1974 - Craig Rivet, Canadian ice hockey player 1975 - Akihiro Asai, Japanese race car driver 1975 - Joe Don Rooney, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1976 - Ro Khanna, American politician 1976 - Craig McMillan, New Zealand cricketer, coach, and sportscaster 1976 - Elvis Mihailenko, Latvian boxer, trainer, and sportscaster 1976 - José Théodore, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster 1977 - Fiona Apple, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pianist 1977 - Ivan De Battista, Maltese actor, singer, director, and producer 1977 - Daisuke Tsuda, Japanese singer-songwriter and drummer 1978 - Swizz Beatz, American rapper and producer 1978 - Peter Sunde, Swedish businessman 1978 - Masato Shibata, Japanese wrestler 1979 - Geike Arnaert, Belgian singer 1979 - Tony Henry, English footballer 1980 - Andreas Biermann, German footballer 1980 - Han Chae-young, South Korean actress 1980 - Daisuke Matsuzaka, Japanese baseball player 1980 - Evangelos Nastos, Greek footballer 1980 - Viren Rasquinha, Indian field hockey player 1981 - Koldo Fernández, Spanish cyclist 1981 - Angelina Love, Canadian-American wrestler 1982 - Lloyd Dyer, English footballer 1982 - Nenê, Brazilian basketball player 1982 - Rickie Weeks, American baseball player 1982 - Colin Marston, American guitarist, bassist, and producer/engineer 1982 - Miha Zupan, Slovenian basketball player 1983 - James Bourne, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1983 - Molly Crabapple, American illustrator and journalist 1983 - Ryan Del Monte, Canadian ice hockey player 1983 - Eduard Ratnikov, Estonian footballer 1984 - Nabil Abou-Harb, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1984 - Baron Corbin, American wrestler 1985 - David Jordan, English singer-songwriter 1985 - Tom Learoyd-Lahrs, Australian rugby league player 1986 - Steve Colpaert, Belgian footballer 1986 - Derek Hardman, American football player 1986 - Kamui Kobayashi, Japanese race car driver 1986 - Sean Williams, American basketball player 1987 - Edenilson Bergonsi, Brazilian footballer 1987 - Jonathan de Guzmán, Canadian-Dutch footballer 1987 - Luke Fitzgerald, Irish rugby player 1987 - Tsvetana Pironkova, Bulgarian tennis player 1988 - Luis Rentería, Panamanian footballer 1988 - Keith Treacy, Irish footballer 1989 - Elysée Irié Bi Séhi, Ivorian footballer 1989 - Kenny Edwards, New Zealand rugby league player 1989 - Jon Mannah, Australian rugby league player 1989 - Thomas Müller, German footballer 1989 - William Owusu, Ghanaian footballer 1990 - Aoi Nakabeppu, Japanese model and actress 1990 - Luciano Narsingh, Dutch footballer 1991 - Ksenia Afanasyeva, Russian gymnast 1993 - Niall Horan, Irish singer 1993 - Alice Merton, German-Canadian-English singer and songwriter 1994 - Leonor Andrade, Portuguese singer 1994 - Cameron Munster, Australian rugby league player 1995 - Robbie Kay, English actor 1995 - Jerry Tollbring, Swedish handball player 1995 - João Carlos Almeida Leandro, Portuguese footballer 1995 - Shubham Khajuria, Indian cricketer 1996 - Playboi Carti, American rapper Deaths AD 81 - Titus, Roman emperor 413 - Marcellinus of Carthage, martyr and saint 531 - Kavad I, Sasanian King of Kings of Iran 864 - Pietro Tradonico, doge of Venice 908 - Cormac mac Cuilennáin, king of Munster 1313 - Notburga, Austrian saint 1409 - Isabella of Valois, queen consort of England 1488 - Charles II, Duke of Bourbon 1506 - Andrea Mantegna, Italian painter and engraver 1557 - John Cheke, English scholar and politician, Secretary of State for England 1592 - Michel de Montaigne, French philosopher and author 1598 - Philip II of Spain 1612 - Karin Månsdotter, Queen of Sweden 1632 - Leopold V, Archduke of Austria 1759 - James Wolfe, English general 1766 - Benjamin Heath, English scholar and author 1800 - Claude Martin, French-English general and explorer 1806 - Charles James Fox, English soldier and politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs 1808 - Saverio Bettinelli, Italian poet, playwright, and critic 1813 - Hezqeyas, Ethiopian emperor 1847 - Nicolas Oudinot, French general 1871 - İbrahim Şinasi, Turkish journalist, author, and translator 1872 - Ludwig Feuerbach, German anthropologist and philosopher 1881 - Ambrose Burnside, American general and politician, 30th Governor of Rhode Island 1885 - Friedrich Kiel, German composer and educator 1894 - Emmanuel Chabrier, French pianist and composer 1905 - René Goblet, French lawyer and politician, 52nd Prime Minister of France 1910 - Rajanikanta Sen, Bangladeshi poet and composer 1912 - Joseph Furphy, Australian author and poet 1912 - Nogi Maresuke, Japanese general 1913 - Aurel Vlaicu, Romanian pilot and engineer 1915 - Andrew L. Harris, American general and politician, 44th Governor of Ohio 1918 - Frederic Crowninshield, American artist and author 1928 - Italo Svevo, Italian author and playwright 1929 - Jatindra Nath Das, Indian activist 1931 - Lili Elbe, Danish model and painter 1937 - David Robertson, Scottish rugby player and golfer 1941 - Elias Disney, Canadian-American farmer and businessman 1944 - W. Heath Robinson, English cartoonist 1946 - Amon Göth, Austrian captain 1946 - Eugene Lanceray, Russian painter, sculptor, and illustrator 1946 - William Watt, Australian lawyer and politician, 24th Premier of Victoria 1949 - August Krogh, Danish physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1953 - Mary Brewster Hazelton, American painter 1960 - Leó Weiner, Hungarian composer and educator 1967 - Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, Yemeni-Saudi Arabian businessman, founded Saudi Binladin Group 1967 - Robert George, English air marshal and politician, 24th Governor of South Australia 1967 - Leonard Lord, English businessman 1971 - Lin Biao, Chinese general and politician, 2nd Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China 1973 - Betty Field, American actress 1973 - Sajjad Zaheer, Indian poet and philosopher 1975 - Mudicondan Venkatarama Iyer, Indian singer and musicologist 1976 - Armand Mondou, Canadian ice hockey player 1976 - Albert Tessier, Canadian priest, historian, and director 1977 - Leopold Stokowski, English conductor 1982 - Reed Crandall, American illustrator 1985 - Dane Rudhyar, French-American astrologer, composer, and author 1987 - Mervyn LeRoy, American actor, director, and producer 1991 - Robert Irving, English soldier and conductor 1991 - Metin Oktay, Turkish footballer and manager 1991 - Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-American production manager and producer 1993 - Carl Voss, American ice hockey player and referee 1996 - Tupac Shakur, American rapper, producer, and actor 1997 - Georges Guétary, Egyptian-French actor, singer, and dancer 1997 - Georgios Mitsibonas, Greek footballer 1998 - Necdet Calp, Turkish civil servant and politician 1998 - Harry Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player 1998 - Frank Renouf, New Zealand businessman 1998 - George Wallace, American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 45th Governor of Alabama 1999 - Benjamin Bloom, American psychologist and academic 2000 - Betty Jeffrey, Australian nurse and author 2001 - Johnny Craig, American sailor and illustrator 2001 - Jaroslav Drobný, Czech-English ice hockey player and tennis player 2001 - Dorothy McGuire, American actress 2002 - George Stanley, Canadian soldier, historian, and author, designed the Flag of Canada 2003 - Frank O'Bannon, American publisher, lawyer, and politician, 47th Governor of Indiana 2004 - Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-invented the birth-control pill 2005 - Toni Fritsch, Austrian footballer 2005 - Julio César Turbay Ayala, Colombian lawyer and politician, 25th President of Colombia 2006 - Ann Richards, American educator and politician, 45th Governor of Texas 2007 - Whakahuihui Vercoe, New Zealand archbishop 2009 - Paul Burke, American actor 2011 - Walter Bonatti, Italian mountaineer and journalist 2012 - William Duckworth, American composer and author 2012 - Peter Lougheed, Canadian football player, lawyer, and politician, 10th Premier of Alberta 2012 - Edgar Metcalfe, English-Australian actor and director 2012 - Ranganath Misra, Indian lawyer and jurist, 21st Chief Justice of India 2013 - Olusegun Agagu, Nigerian politician, 15th Governor of Ondo State 2013 - Robert J. Behnke, American biologist and academic 2013 - Rick Casares, American football player 2013 - Luiz Gushiken, Brazilian trade union leader and politician 2014 - Benjamin Adekunle, Nigerian general 2014 - Helen Filarski, American baseball player 2014 - Milan Galić, Serbian footballer 2014 - Frank Torre, American baseball player and manager 2015 - Vivinho, Brazilian footballer 2015 - Erma Bergmann, American baseball player 2015 - Brian Close, English cricketer and coach 2015 - Moses Malone, American basketball player and sportscaster 2016 - Jonathan Riley-Smith, British historian 2017 - Pete Domenici, American politician, senator of New Mexico Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Feast of the Cross * Aimé * Ame * Eulogius of Alexandria * John Chrysostom * Marcellinus of Carthage * Maurilius of Angers * Nectarius of Autun * Venerius the Hermit * Wulfthryth of Wilton * September 13. Day of the Programmer, during a non-leap year. Día de los Niños Héroes Engineer's Day Roald Dahl Day
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