August 14 Events
29 BC - Octavian holds the second of three consecutive triumphs in Rome to celebrate the victory over the Dalmatian tribes. 1040 - King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland. 1183 - Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape pursuit by the Minamoto clan. 1264 - After tricking the Venetian galley fleet into sailing east to the Levant, the Genoese capture an entire Venetian trade convoy at the Battle of Saseno. 1288 - Count Adolf VIII of Berg grants town privileges to Düsseldorf, the village on the banks of the Düssel. 1352 - War of the Breton Succession: Anglo-Bretons defeat the French in the Battle of Mauron. 1370 - Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, grants city privileges to Carlsbad which is subsequently named after him. 1385 - Portuguese Crisis of 1383–85: Battle of Aljubarrota: Portuguese forces commanded by King John I and his general Nuno Álvares Pereira defeat the Castilian army of King John I. 1457 - Publication of the Mainz Psalter, the first book to feature a printed date of publication and printed colophon 1480 - Battle of Otranto: Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam; they are later honored in the Church. 1592 - The first sighting of the Falkland Islands by John Davis. 1598 - Nine Years' War: Battle of the Yellow Ford: Irish forces under Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, defeats an English expeditionary force under Henry Bagenal. 1720 - The Spanish military Villasur expedition is wiped out by Pawnee and Otoe warriors near present-day Columbus, Nebraska. 1791 - Slaves from plantations in Saint-Domingue hold a Vodou ceremony led by houngan Dutty Boukman at Bois Caïman, marking the start of the Haitian Revolution. 1814 - A cease fire agreement, called the Convention of Moss, ended the Swedish–Norwegian War. 1816 - The United Kingdom formally annexes the Tristan da Cunha archipelago, administering the islands from the Cape Colony in South Africa. 1842 - American Indian Wars: Second Seminole War ends, with the Seminoles forced from Florida to Oklahoma. 1848 - Oregon Territory is organized by act of Congress. 1880 - Construction of Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, is completed. 1885 - Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint. 1888 - An audio recording of English composer Arthur Sullivan's "The Lost Chord", one of the first recordings of music ever made, is played during a press conference introducing Thomas Edison's phonograph in London, England. 1893 - France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration. 1900 - The Eight-Nation Alliance occupies Beijing, China, in a campaign to end the bloody Boxer Rebellion in China. 1901 - The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21. 1911 - United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death. 1912 - U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after José Santos Zelaya had resigned three years earlier. 1914 - World War I: Start of the Battle of Lorraine, an unsuccessful French offensive designed to recover the lost province of Moselle from Germany. 1916 - Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary. 1921 - Tannu Uriankhai, later Tuvan People's Republic is established as a completely independent country. 1933 - Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn; it is not fully extinguished until September 5, after destroying. 1935 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act, creating a government pension system for the retired. 1936 - Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last known public execution in the United States. 1937 - The beginning of air-to-air combat of the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II in general, when six Japanese bombers are shot down by Chinese fighters while raiding Chinese air bases. 1941 - World War II: Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt sign the Atlantic Charter of war stating postwar aims. 1945 - Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II and the Emperor records the Imperial Rescript on Surrender. 1945 - The Viet Minh launches August Revolution amid the political confusion and power vacuum engulfing Vietnam. 1947 - Pakistan gains Independence from the British Empire and joins the Commonwealth of Nations. 1959 - Founding and first official meeting of the American Football League. 1967 - UK Marine Broadcasting Offences Act declares participation in offshore pirate radio illegal. 1969 - The Troubles: British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland as political and sectarian violence breaks out, marking the start of the 37-year Operation Banner. 1971 - Bahrain declares independence as the State of Bahrain. 1972 - An Ilyushin Il-62 airliner crashes near Königs Wusterhausen, East Germany, due to an in-flight fire, killing 156. 1973 - The Pakistan Constitution of 1973 comes into effect. 1975 - The , the longest-running release in film history, opens in London. Rocky Horror Picture Show 1980 - Lech Wałęsa leads strikes at the Gdańsk, Poland shipyards. 1994 - Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, also known as "Carlos the Jackal", is captured. 1996 - Greek Cypriot refugee Solomos Solomou is murdered by Turkish forces while trying to climb a flagpole in order to remove a Turkish flag from its mast in the United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus. 2003 - A widescale power blackout affects the northeast United States and Canada. 2003 - Project Thread, an operation launched by CSIS and other Canadian law enforcement agencies, saw the arrest and incarceration of 24 innocent Muslim men, most of them young Pakistani students. 2005 - Helios Airways Flight 522, en route from Larnaca, Cyprus to Prague, Czech Republic via Athens, crashes in the hills near Grammatiko, Greece, killing 121 passengers and crew. 2006 - Sixty-one schoolgirls killed in Chencholai bombing by Sri Lankan Air Force air strike. 2007 - The Kahtaniya bombings kills at least 334 people. 2013 - Egypt declares a state of emergency as security forces kill hundreds of demonstrators supporting former president Mohamed Morsi. 2013 – UPS Airlines Flight 1354 crashes short of the runway at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport, killing both crew members on board. 2015 - The US Embassy in Havana, Cuba re-opens after 54 years of being closed when Cuba–United States relations were broken off. Births 928 - Qian Hongzuo, king of Wuyue 1297 - Emperor Hanazono of Japan 1473 - Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury 1479 - Catherine of York 1499 - John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford, English politician, Lord Great Chamberlain 1502 - Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Flemish painter 1530 - Giambattista Benedetti, Italian mathematician and physicist 1552 - Paolo Sarpi, Italian writer 1561 - Christopher Heydon, English politician 1575 - Robert Hayman, English-Canadian poet and politician 1586 - William Hutchinson, founder of Rhode Island 1599 - Méric Casaubon, Swiss-English scholar and author 1625 - François de Harlay de Champvallon, French archbishop 1642 - Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1645 - Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, Mexican secular priest, scientist, and savant 1653 - Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English colonel and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica 1688 - Frederick William I of Prussia 1714 - Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter 1738 - Leopold Hofmann, Austrian composer and conductor 1740 - Pope Pius VII 1758 - Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer 1777 - Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist 1814 - Charlotte Fowler Wells, American phrenologist and publisher 1817 - Alexander H. Bailey, American lawyer, judge, and politician 1840 - Richard von Krafft-Ebing, German-Austrian psychologist and author 1847 - Robert Comtesse, Swiss lawyer and politician, President of the Swiss National Council 1848 - Margaret Lindsay Huggins, Anglo-Irish astronomer and author 1851 - Yannoulis Chalepas, Greek sculptor 1851 - Doc Holliday, American dentist and gambler 1857 - Max Wagenknecht, German organist, composer, and educator 1863 - Ernest Thayer, American poet and author 1865 - Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician and academic 1866 - Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician and academic 1867 - Cupid Childs, American baseball player 1867 - John Galsworthy, English novelist and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate 1870 - Nelson McDowell, American actor 1871 - Guangxu Emperor of China 1875 - Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian-American painter and illustrator 1876 - Alexander I of Serbia 1880 - Fred Alexander, American tennis player 1881 - Francis Ford, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1883 - Ernest Everett Just, African-American biologist and academic 1886 - Arthur Jeffrey Dempster, Canadian-American physicist and academic 1887 - Marija Leiko, Latvian actress 1889 - Otto Tief, Estonian lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of Estonia 1890 - Bruno Tesch, German chemist and businessman 1892 - Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, English pianist, composer, and critic 1893 - Francis Dvornik, Czech priest and academic 1895 - Jack Gregory, Australian cricketer 1895 - Amaza Lee Meredith, American architect 1896 - Albert Ball, English fighter pilot 1896 - Theodor Luts, Estonian director and cinematographer 1900 - Margret Boveri, German journalist, recipient of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany 1901 - Alice Rivaz, Swiss pianist and author 1903 - Lodewijk Bruckman, Dutch painter and illustrator 1910 - Willy Ronis, French photographer 1910 - Pierre Schaeffer, French composer and producer 1911 - Jan Koetsier, Dutch composer and conductor 1911 - Vethathiri Maharishi, Indian spiritual leader, philosopher, and author 1912 - Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic 1913 - Hector Crawford, Australian director and producer 1913 - Paul Dean, American baseball player 1914 - Herman Branson, African-American physicist, chemist, and academic 1915 - B. A. Santamaria, Australian political activist and publisher 1916 - Frank and John Craighead, American naturalists 1916 - Fumio Fujimura, Japanese baseball player and manager 1916 - Wellington Mara, American businessman 1918 - Patsy Smart, English actress 1922 - Leslie Marr, English race car driver 1923 - Patriarch Diodoros of Jerusalem 1923 - Alice Ghostley, American actress 1924 - Sverre Fehn, Norwegian architect, designed the Hedmark Museum 1924 - Holger Juul Hansen, Danish actor 1924 - Georges Prêtre, French conductor 1924 - Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, 16th Karmapa, Tibetan spiritual leader 1925 - Russell Baker, American critic and essayist 1926 - René Goscinny, French author and illustrator 1926 - Buddy Greco, American singer and pianist 1928 - Lina Wertmüller, Italian director and screenwriter 1929 - Kinnaird R. McKee, American admiral 1929 - Gene Scott, American pastor and broadcaster 1929 - Dick Tiger, Nigerian boxer 1930 - Earl Weaver, American baseball player and manager 1931 - Frederic Raphael, American journalist, author, and screenwriter 1932 - Lee Hoffman, American author 1933 - Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1935 - John Brodie, American football player and golfer 1940 - Darrell "Dash" Crofts, American singer-songwriter and musician 1940 - Galen Hall, American football player and coach 1941 - David Crosby, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1941 - Connie Smith, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist 1942 - Willie Dunn, Canadian singer-songwriter and producer 1942 - Lionel Morton, English singer-songwriter, guitarist and television presenter 1943 - Ronnie Campbell, English miner and politician 1943 - Ben Sidran, American jazz and rock keyboardist, producer, label owner, and music writer 1944 - John Dunt, English admiral 1945 - Steve Martin, American actor, comedian, musician, producer, and screenwriter 1945 - Wim Wenders, German director, producer, and screenwriter 1946 - Larry Graham, American soul/funk bass player and singer-songwriter 1946 - Susan Saint James, American actress 1946 - Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver and businessman 1947 - Bruce Nash, American director, producer, and screenwriter 1947 - Maddy Prior, English folk singer 1947 - Danielle Steel, American author 1947 - Jiro Taniguchi, Japanese author and illustrator 1947 - Joop van Daele, Dutch footballer and manager 1948 - Terry Adams, American pianist and composer 1948 - Bruce Thomas, English bass player and author 1949 - Morten Olsen, Danish footballer and coach 1950 - Gary Larson, American cartoonist 1951 - Slim Dunlap, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1951 - Norbert Hofmann, German footballer and manager 1952 - John McCutcheon, American folksinger 1952 - Debbie Meyer, American swimmer 1953 - James Horner, American composer and conductor 1954 - Mark Fidrych, American baseball player and sportscaster 1954 - Stanley A. McChrystal, American general 1956 - Sharon Bryant, American R&B singer 1956 - Jackée Harry, American actress and television personality 1956 - Andy King, English footballer and manager 1956 - Rusty Wallace, American race car driver and sportscaster 1956 - Erica Flapan, American mathematician 1957 - Peter Costello, Australian lawyer and politician, 35th Treasurer of Australia 1958 - Philip Dunne, English farmer and politician, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology 1958 - Bobby Eaton, American wrestler and trainer 1959 - Frank Brickowski, American basketball player 1959 - Marcia Gay Harden, American actress 1959 - Magic Johnson, American basketball player and coach 1960 - Sarah Brightman, English singer-songwriter and actress 1960 - Fred Roberts, American basketball player and educator 1961 - Eddie Gilbert, American wrestler and manager 1962 - Mark Gubicza, American baseball player and sportscaster 1962 - Kevin Harris, Canadian skateboarder 1962 - Andres Herkel, Estonian academic and politician 1962 - Rameez Raja, Pakistani cricketer and sportscaster 1963 - Emmanuelle Béart, French actress 1963 - José Cóceres, Argentinian golfer 1964 - Neal Anderson, American football player and coach 1964 - Jason Dunstall, Australian footballer and sportscaster 1965 - Brannon Braga, American producer, director, and screenwriter 1965 - Paul Broadhurst, English golfer 1965 - Terry Richardson, American photographer and director 1966 - Halle Berry, American model, actress, and producer, Miss World United States 1986 1966 - Karl Petter Løken, Swedish-Norwegian footballer and sportscaster 1966 - Tuncay Özkan, Turkish journalist and politician 1967 - Erik Gandini, Italian-Swedish director, producer, and screenwriter 1968 - Pravin Amre, Indian cricketer and coach 1968 - Catherine Bell, English-American actress and producer 1968 - Darren Clarke, Northern Irish golfer 1968 - Jason Leonard, English rugby player 1968 - Medy van der Laan, Dutch politician 1969 - Tracy Caldwell Dyson, American chemist and astronaut 1969 - Stig Tøfting, Danish footballer and manager 1970 - Kevin Cadogan, American rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1971 - Raoul Bova, Italian actor, producer, and screenwriter 1971 - Mark Loretta, American baseball player and coach 1971 - Pramodya Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan cricketer 1972 - Tamer El Said, Egyptian director, producer, and screenwriter 1972 - Laurent Lamothe, Haitian businessman and politician, 15th Prime Minister of Haiti 1973 - Jared Borgetti, Mexican footballer 1973 - Jay-Jay Okocha, Nigerian footballer 1973 - Kieren Perkins, Australian swimmer and sportscaster 1973 - Paddy McGuinness, English comedian and television presenter 1974 - Chucky Atkins, American basketball player and coach 1975 - Mike Vrabel, American football player and coach 1976 - Fabrizio Donato, Italian triple jumper 1977 - Ed Harcourt, English singer-songwriter and producer 1977 - Juan Pierre, American baseball player 1978 - Randika Galhenage, Sri Lankan cricketer 1978 - Anastasios Kyriakos, Greek footballer 1978 - Greg Rawlinson, South African-New Zealand rugby player 1978 - Kate Ritchie, Australian actress 1979 - Jérémie Bréchet, French footballer 1979 - Paul Burgess, Australian pole vaulter 1979 - Yōichirō Morikawa, Japanese actor, director, and screenwriter 1980 - Aydın Toscalı, Turkish footballer 1980 - Roy Williams, American football player 1981 - Earl Barron, American basketball player 1981 - Matthew Etherington, English footballer 1981 - Paul Gallen, Australian rugby league player 1981 - Julius Jones, American football player 1981 - Kofi Kingston, Ghanaian-American wrestler 1982 - Simon Andrews, English motorcycle racer 1983 - Elena Baltacha, Ukrainian-Scottish tennis player 1983 - Mila Kunis, Ukrainian-American actress 1983 - Juan Oviedo, Dominican baseball player 1983 - Spencer Pratt, American television personality 1983 - Sunidhi Chauhan, Indian playback singer 1984 - Eva Birnerová, Czech tennis player 1984 - Clay Buchholz, American baseball player 1984 - Giorgio Chiellini, Italian footballer 1984 - Josh Gorges, Canadian ice hockey player 1984 - Nick Grimshaw, English radio and television host 1984 - Nicola Slater, Scottish tennis player 1984 - Robin Söderling, Swedish tennis player 1985 - Christian Gentner, German footballer 1985 - Shea Weber, Canadian ice hockey player 1986 - Cameron Jerome, English footballer 1986 - Sam Moa, Tongan-New Zealand rugby league player 1986 - Braian Rodríguez, Uruguayan footballer 1987 - Tim Tebow, American football and baseball player, television personality and sportscaster 1989 - Florian Abel, German footballer 1989 - Ander Herrera, Spanish footballer 1989 - Kyle Turris, Canadian ice hockey player 1991 - Richard Freitag, German ski jumper Deaths 582 - Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine emperor 902 - Badr al-Mu'tadidi, commander-in-chief of the Abbasid Caliphate under al-Mu'tadid 1040 - Duncan I of Scotland 1167 - Rainald of Dassel, Italian archbishop 1204 - Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shōgun 1297 - Frederick III, Burgrave of Nuremberg 1319 - Waldemar, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal 1388 - James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas 1390 - John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier 1433 - John I of Portugal 1464 - Pope Pius II 1573 - Saitō Tatsuoki, Japanese daimyō 1657 - Giovanni Paolo Lascaris, 57th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller 1691 - Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, Irish soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1727 - William Croft, English organist and composer 1774 - Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician and scholar 1784 - Nathaniel Hone the Elder, Irish-born English painter and academic 1854 - Carl Carl, Polish-born actor and theatre director 1856 - Constant Prévost, French geologist and academic 1860 - André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist and entomologist 1870 - David Farragut, American admiral 1874 - Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American minister and politician 1890 - Michael J. McGivney, American priest, founded the Knights of Columbus 1905 - Simeon Solomon, English soldier and painter 1909 - William Stanley, American engineer and philanthropist 1926 - John H. Moffitt, American sergeant and politician, Medal of Honor recipient 1928 - Klabund, German author and poet 1938 - Hugh Trumble, Australian cricketer and accountant 1941 - Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr and saint 1941 - Paul Sabatier, French chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1943 - Lore Berger, Swiss author and translator 1943 - Joe Kelley, American baseball player and manager 1951 - William Randolph Hearst, American publisher and politician, founded the Hearst Corporation 1954 - Hugo Eckener, German pilot and designer 1954 - Nikos Ploumpidis, Greek activist 1955 - Herbert Putnam, American lawyer and publisher, Librarian of Congress 1956 - Bertolt Brecht, German poet, playwright, and director 1958 - Frédéric Joliot-Curie, French physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate 1958 - Konstantin von Neurath, German lawyer and politician, Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs 1963 - Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter 1964 - Johnny Burnette, American singer-songwriter 1965 - Vello Kaaristo, Estonian skier 1966 - Tip Snooke, South African cricketer 1967 - Bob Anderson, English motorcycle racer and race car driver 1972 - Oscar Levant, American actor, pianist, and composer 1972 - Jules Romains, French author and poet 1973 - Fred Gipson, American journalist and author 1978 - Nicolas Bentley, English author and illustrator 1980 - Dorothy Stratten, Canadian-American model and actress 1981 - Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor and director 1981 - Dudley Nourse, South African cricketer 1982 - Mahasi Sayadaw, Burmese monk and philosopher 1984 - Spud Davis, American baseball player, coach, and manager 1984 - J. B. Priestley, English novelist and playwright 1985 - Gale Sondergaard, American actress 1988 - Roy Buchanan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1988 - Robert Calvert, South African-English singer-songwriter and playwright 1988 - Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari 1989 - Ricky Berry, American basketball player 1991 - Alberto Crespo, Argentinian race car driver 1992 - John Sirica, American lawyer and judge 1994 - Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-Swiss novelist, playwright, memoirist, Nobel Prize laureate 1994 - Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and author 1996 - Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor and composer 1999 - Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player and sportscaster 2000 - Alain Fournier, French-Canadian computer scientist and academic 2002 - Larry Rivers, American painter and sculptor 2003 - Helmut Rahn, German footballer 2004 - Czesław Miłosz, Polish-born American novelist, essayist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate 2004 - Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-English lawyer and politician 2006 - Adriaan de Groot, Dutch psychologist and chess player 2006 - Bruno Kirby, American actor 2007 - Pinchas Goldstein, Israeli politician 2007 - Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian pianist and composer 2007 - Kotozakura Masakatsu, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 53rd Yokozuna 2010 - Rallis Kopsidis, Greek painter and author 2010 - Herman Leonard, American soldier and photographer 2011 - Fritz Korbach, German footballer and manager 2012 - Maja Bošković-Stulli, Croatian historian and academic 2012 - Vilasrao Deshmukh, Indian lawyer and politician, 14th Chief Minister of Maharashtra 2012 - Svetozar Gligorić, Serbian chess player and theoretician 2012 - Sergey Kapitsa, English-Russian physicist and demographer 2012 - Phyllis Thaxter, American actress 2013 - Jack Garfinkel, American basketball player and coach 2013 - Jack Germond, American journalist and author 2013 - Paddy Power, Irish educator and politician, 22nd Irish Minister for Defence 2014 - Leonard Fein, American journalist and academic, co-founded Moment Magazine 2014 - George V. Hansen, American soldier and politician 2015 - Agustín Cejas, Argentinian footballer 2015 - Bob Farrell, American businessman, founded Farrell's Ice Cream Parlour 2015 - Bob Johnston, American songwriter and producer 2016 - Philip "Fyuvsh" Finkel, American actor 2018 - Jill Janus, American singer Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Arnold of Soissons *Domingo Ibáñez de Erquicia *Eusebius of Rome *Jonathan Myrick Daniels *Kaj Munk *Martyrs of Otranto *Maximilian Kolbe *August 14 Anniversary Day Commemoration of Wadi al-Dahab Engineer's Day Day of the Defenders of the Fatherland Independence Day, celebrates the day when Pakistan was declared a sovereign nation following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pramuka Day Falklands Day is the celebration of the first sighting of the Falkland Islands by John Davis in 1592.
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