October 19 Events
202 BC - Second Punic War: At the Battle of Zama, Roman legions under Scipio Africanus defeat Hannibal Barca, leader of the army defending Carthage. 439 - The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa. 1216 - King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. 1386 - The Universität Heidelberg holds its first lecture, making it the oldest German university. 1453 - Hundred Years' War: Three months after the Battle of Castillon, England loses its last possessions in southern France. 1466 - The Thirteen Years' War between Poland and the Teutonic Order ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn. 1469 - Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain. 1512 - Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology. 1579 - James VI of Scotland is celebrated as an adult ruler by a festival in Edinburgh. 1596 - The Spanish ship San Felipe runs aground on the coast of Japan and its cargo is confiscated by local authorities 1649 - New Ross town in Ireland surrenders to Oliver Cromwell. 1781 - American Revolutionary War: The siege of Yorktown comes to an end. 1789 - John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States. 1805 - War of the Third Coalition: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to Napoleon at the Battle of Ulm. 1812 - The French invasion of Russia fails when Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow. 1813 - War of the Sixth Coalition: Napoleon is forced to retreat from Germany after the Battle of Leipzig. 1864 - American Civil War: The Battle of Cedar Creek ends the last Confederate threat to Washington, DC. 1864 - American Civil War: Confederate agents based in Canada rob three banks in Saint Albans, Vermont. 1866 - In accordance with the Treaty of Vienna, Austria cedes Veneto and Mantua to France, which immediately awards them to Italy in exchange for the earlier Italian acquiescence to the French annexation of Savoy and Nice. 1900 - Max Planck discovers Planck's law of black-body radiation. 1912 - Italo-Turkish War: Italy takes possession of what is now Libya from the Ottoman Empire. 1914 - First World War: The First Battle of Ypres begins. 1921 - The Portuguese Prime Minister and several officials are murdered in the Bloody Night coup. 1922 - British Conservative MPs vote to terminate the coalition government with the Liberal Party. 1933 - Konstantin von Neurath withdraws Germany from the League of Nations. 1935 - The League of Nations places economic sanctions on Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia. 1943 - The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Crete and sunk. 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it. 1943 - Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University. 1944 - United States forces land in the Philippines. 1944 - A coup is launched against Juan Federico Ponce Vaides, beginning the ten-year Guatemalan Revolution. 1950 - China defeats the Tibetan Army at Chambo. 1950 - Korean War: The Battle of Pyongyang ends in a United Nations victory. Hours later, the Chinese Army begins crossing the border into Korea. 1950 - Iran becomes the first country to accept technical assistance from the United States under the Point Four Program. 1956 - The Soviet Union and Japan sign a Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945. 1960 - The United States imposes a near-total trade embargo against Cuba. 1973 - President Nixon rejects an Appeals Court decision that he turn over the Watergate tapes. 1974 - Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand. 1984 - A Roman Catholic priest, Jerzy Popiełuszko, associated with the Solidarity Union, is killed by three agents of the Polish Communist internal intelligence agency. 1986 - The president of Mozambique and a prominent leader of FRELIMO, along with 33 others, die when their aircraft crashes into the Lebombo Mountains. 1987 - The United States Navy conducts Operation Nimble Archer, an attack on two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf. 1987 - Black Monday: The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points. 1988 - The British government imposes a broadcasting ban on television and radio interviews with members of Sinn Féin and eleven Irish republican and Ulster loyalist paramilitary groups. 1989 - The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison. 2001 - SIEV X, an Indonesian fishing boat en route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 migrants, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people. 2003 - Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II. 2005 - Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity. 2005 - Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb. 2012 - A bomb explosion kills eight people and injures 110 more in Lebanon. 2013 - At least 105 people are injured in a train crash in Buenos Aires. Births 879 - Yingtian, empress of the Khitan Liao Dynasty 1276 - Prince Hisaaki of Japan 1433 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian astrologer and philosopher 1507 - Viglius, Dutch politician 1545 - John Juvenal Ancina, Italian Oratorian and bishop 1582 - Dmitry of Uglich, Russian crown prince and saint 1605 - Thomas Browne, English physician and author 1609 - Gerrard Winstanley, English Protestant religious reformer 1610 - James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English-Irish general, academic, and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1613 - Charles of Sezze, Italian Franciscan friar and saint 1658 - Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1680 - John Abernethy, Irish minister 1688 - William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist 1718 - Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, French general and politician, French Secretary of State for War 1720 - John Woolman, American-English preacher, journalist, and activist 1721 - Joseph de Guignes, French orientalist and sinologist 1784 - Leigh Hunt, English poet and critic 1789 - Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest and philosopher 1810 - Cassius Marcellus Clay, American journalist, lawyer, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia 1814 - Theodoros Vryzakis, Greek painter 1826 - Ralph Tollemache, English priest 1850 - Annie Smith Peck, American mountaineer and academic 1851 - Empress Myeongseong of Korea 1858 - George Albert Boulenger, Belgian-English zoologist and botanist 1862 - Auguste Lumière, French director and producer 1868 - Bertha Knight Landes, American academic and politician, Mayor of Seattle 1873 - Jaap Eden, Dutch speed skater and cyclist 1873 - Bart King, American cricketer 1876 - Mordecai Brown, American baseball player, coach, and manager 1876 - Mihkel Pung, Estonian lawyer and politician, 11th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs 1879 - Emma Bell Miles, American writer, poet, and artist 1882 - Umberto Boccioni, Italian painter and sculptor 1885 - Charles E. Merrill, American banker and philanthropist, co-founded Merrill Lynch Wealth Management 1895 - Frank Durbin, American soldier 1895 - Lewis Mumford, American historian, sociologist, and philosopher 1896 - Bob O'Farrell, American baseball player and manager 1897 - Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani chemist and scholar 1899 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan journalist, author, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate 1900 - Erna Berger, German soprano and actress 1900 - Bill Ponsford, Australian cricketer and baseball player 1900 - Roy Worters, Canadian ice hockey player 1901 - Arleigh Burke, American admiral 1903 - Tor Johnson, Swedish wrestler and actor 1907 - Roger Wolfe Kahn, American bandleader and composer 1908 - Geirr Tveitt, Norwegian pianist and composer 1909 - Marguerite Perey, French physicist and academic 1910 - Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate 1910 - Shunkichi Hamada, Japanese field hockey player 1910 - Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher 1913 - Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet, playwright, and composer 1914 - Juanita Moore, American actress 1916 - Jean Dausset, French-Spanish immunologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1916 - Emil Gilels, Ukrainian-Russian pianist 1916 - Minoru Yasui, American soldier, lawyer, and activist 1917 - Sharadchandra Shankar Shrikhande, Indian mathematician 1917 - William Joel Blass, American soldier, lawyer, and politician 1917 - Walter Munk, Austrian-American oceanographer, author, and academic 1918 - Charles Evans, English-Welsh mountaineer, surgeon, and educator 1918 - Russell Kirk, American theorist and author 1918 - Robert Schwarz Strauss, American lawyer and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Russia 1920 - LaWanda Page, American actress 1920 - Harry Alan Towers, English-Canadian screenwriter and producer 1920 - Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian activist, philosopher, and spiritual leader 1920 - Peter Aduja, Filipino American Hawaii Legislature representative 1921 - George Nader, American actor 1922 - Jack Anderson, American journalist and author 1923 - Ruth Carter Stevenson, American art collector, founded the Amon Carter Museum of American Art 1923 - Baby Dalupan, Filipino basketball player and coach 1925 - Bernard Hepton, English actor and producer 1925 - Czesław Kiszczak, Polish general and politician, 11th Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Poland 1925 - Emilio Eduardo Massera, Argentinian admiral 1926 - Arne Bendiksen, Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer 1926 - Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic 1926 - Vladimir Shlapentokh, Ukrainian-American sociologist, historian, political scientist, and academic 1926 - Marjorie Tallchief, American ballerina 1927 - Pierre Alechinsky, Belgian painter and illustrator 1927 - Stephen Keynes, English businessman 1928 - Lou Scheimer, American animator, producer, and voice actor, co-founded the Filmation Company 1929 - Lewis Wolpert, South African-English biologist, author, and academic 1930 - John Evans, Baron Evans of Parkside, English union leader and politician 1930 - Mavis Nicholson, Welsh-English journalist 1931 - Ed Emberley, American author and illustrator 1931 - John le Carré, English intelligence officer and author 1931 - Atsushi Miyagi, Japanese tennis player 1932 - Robert Reed, American actor 1933 - Brian Booth, Australian cricketer and educator 1933 - Anthony Skingsley, English air marshal 1934 - Yakubu Gowon, Nigerian general and politician, 3rd Head of State of Nigeria 1934 - Dave Guard, American folk music singer-songwriter, arranger, and musician 1935 - Don Ward, Canadian-American ice hockey player 1936 - James Bevel, American civil rights activist and minister 1937 - Marilyn Bell, Canadian swimmer 1937 - Peter Max, German-American illustrator 1937 - Terence Thomas, Baron Thomas of Macclesfield, English banker and politician 1938 - Bill Morris, Baron Morris of Handsworth, Jamaican-English union leader and politician 1939 - David Clark, Baron Clark of Windermere, Scottish academic and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office 1940 - Larry Chance, American singer-songwriter 1940 - Michael Gambon, Irish-British actor 1940 - Rosny Smarth, Haitian lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Haiti 1941 - Peter Thornley, English professional wrestler best known for the ring character Kendo Nagasaki 1941 - Simon Ward, English actor 1942 - Andrew Vachss, American lawyer and author 1943 - Robin Holloway, English composer and academic 1943 - Takis Ikonomopoulos, Greek footballer and coach 1943 - L. E. Modesitt, Jr., American author and poet 1944 - George McCrae, American singer 1944 - Peter Tosh, Jamaican singer-songwriter and guitarist 1945 - Angus Deaton, Scottish-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1945 - Divine, American drag queen performer, and actor 1945 - Patricia Ireland, American lawyer and activist 1945 - Gloria Jones, American singer-songwriter 1945 - John Lithgow, American actor 1945 - Jeannie C. Riley, American singer 1945 - Martin Welz, South African journalist 1946 - Bob Holland, Australian cricketer and surveyor 1946 - Philip Pullman, English author and academic 1946 - Keith Reid, English songwriter and lyricist 1947 - Giorgio Cavazzano, Italian author and illustrator 1948 - James Howard Kunstler, American author and critic 1948 - Dave Mallow, American voice actor and screenwriter 1948 - Patrick Simmons, American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1949 - Lynn Dickey, American football player and radio host 1949 - Jamie McGrigor, English-Scottish politician 1950 - Yeslam bin Ladin, Saudi Arabian-Swiss businessman 1951 - Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematician and physicist 1951 - Annie Golden, American actress and singer 1951 - Kurt Schrader, American veterinarian and politician 1952 - Peter Bone, English accountant and politician 1952 - Verónica Castro, Mexican actress and singer 1953 - Lionel Hollins, American basketball player and coach 1954 - Sam Allardyce, English footballer and manager 1954 - Deborah Blum, American journalist and author 1954 - Joe Bryant, American basketball player and coach 1955 - Dan Gutman, American author 1955 - LaSalle Ishii, Japanese actor and director 1956 - Steve Doocy, American journalist and author 1956 - Elena Garanina, Soviet ice dancer and coach 1956 - Grover Norquist, American activist, founded Americans for Tax Reform 1956 - Didier Theys, Belgian race car driver and coach 1956 - Carlo Urbani, Italian physician 1956 - Bruce Weber, American basketball player and coach 1957 - Dorinda Clark-Cole, American singer-songwriter and pianist 1957 - Ray Richmond, American journalist and critic 1957 - Karl Wallinger, Welsh singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer 1958 - Carolyn Browne, English diplomat, British Ambassador to Kazakhstan 1958 - Hiromi Hara, Japanese footballer and manager 1958 - Tiriel Mora, Australian actor 1958 - Michael Steele, American journalist and politician, 7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland 1959 - Nir Barkat, Israeli businessman and politician, Mayor of Jerusalem 1959 - Martin Kusch, German philosopher and academic 1960 - Dawn Coe-Jones, Canadian golfer 1960 - Jennifer Holliday, American actress and singer 1960 - Takeshi Koshida, Japanese footballer 1960 - Susan Straight, American author and academic 1960 - Ayuo Takahashi, Japanese-American singer-songwriter 1960 - Dan Woodgate, English musician, songwriter, composer, and record producer 1961 - Sunny Deol, Indian actor and producer 1961 - Cliff Lyons, Australian rugby league player and coach 1962 - Tracy Chevalier, American-English author 1962 - Brian Henninger, American golfer 1962 - Bendik Hofseth, Norwegian saxophonist and composer 1962 - Evander Holyfield, American boxer and actor 1962 - Svetlana Zainetdinova, Soviet-Estonian chess player and coach 1963 - Sinitta, American-British singer 1964 - Ty Pennington, American model, carpenter and television host 1965 - Brad Daugherty, American basketball player and sportscaster 1965 - Todd Park Mohr, American rock singer-songwriter and musician 1966 - Jon Favreau, American actor, director, and screenwriter 1966 - Dimitris Lyacos, Greek poet and playwright 1966 - David Vann, American novelist and short story writer 1967 - Amy Carter, American illustrator and activist 1967 - Yōji Matsuda, Japanese actor 1967 - Yoko Shimomura, Japanese pianist and composer 1968 - Rodney Carrington, American comedian, actor, and singer 1969 - John Edward, American psychic and author 1969 - Trey Parker, American actor, animator, producer, and screenwriter 1969 - Erwin Sánchez, Bolivian footballer and manager 1970 - Andrew Griffiths, English politician 1970 - Chris Kattan, American actor, producer, and screenwriter 1972 - Keith Foulke, American baseball player 1972 - Pras, American rapper-songwriter, record producer, and actor 1973 - Hicham Arazi, Moroccan tennis player 1973 - Okan Buruk, Turkish footballer and manager 1973 - Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player 1975 - Burak Güven, Turkish singer-songwriter and bass player 1976 - Omar Gooding, American actor and producer 1976 - Jostein Gulbrandsen, Norwegian guitarist and composer 1976 - Desmond Harrington, American actor 1976 - Paul Hartley, Scottish footballer and manager 1976 - Hiroshi Sakai, Japanese footballer 1976 - Dan Smith, Canadian ice hockey player 1976 - Michael Young, American baseball player 1977 - Habib Beye, French-Senegalese footballer 1977 - Louis-José Houde, Canadian comedian and actor 1977 - Jason Reitman, Canadian-American director, producer, and screenwriter 1977 - Raúl Tamudo, Spanish footballer 1977 - Mo Twister, Filipino radio and television host 1978 - Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian race car driver 1978 - Zakhar Dubensky, Russian footballer 1978 - Henri Sorvali, Finnish guitarist and keyboard player 1979 - José Luis López, Mexican footballer 1979 - Brian Robertson, American trombonist 1979 - Sachiko Sugiyama, Japanese volleyball player 1980 - José Bautista, Dominican baseball player 1980 - Rajai Davis, American baseball player 1981 - Leon Bott, Australian rugby league player 1981 - Heikki Kovalainen, Finnish race car driver 1982 - Atom Araullo, Filipino journalist 1982 - Gillian Jacobs, American actress and director 1982 - Louis Oosthuizen, South African golfer 1982 - Gonzalo Pineda, Mexican footballer 1982 - Daan van Bunge, Dutch cricketer 1983 - Rebecca Ferguson, Swedish actress 1983 - Andy Lonergan, English footballer 1983 - Cara Santa Maria, American neuroscientist and blogger 1984 - Danka Barteková, Slovak skeet shooter 1987 - Tsunenori Aoki, Japanese actor 1987 - Sam Groth, Australian tennis player 1988 - Zeph Ellis, English rapper and producer 1988 - Markiyan Kamysh, Ukrainian writer 1988 - Chris Lawrence, Australian rugby league player 1989 - James Gavet, New Zealand rugby league player 1989 - Miroslav Stoch, Slovakian footballer 1989 - Rakuto Tochihara, Japanese actor 1989 - Janine Tugonon, Filipino model and television host 1990 - Tom Kilbey, English footballer 1990 - Endō Shōta, Japanese sumo wrestler 1990 - Janet Leon, Swedish singer-songwriter and dancer 1991 - Colton Dixon, American singer-songwriter and pianist 1992 - Shiho, Japanese actress and model 1993 - Abby Sunderland, American sailor 1994 - Agnė Sereikaitė, Lithuanian speed skater 1996 - Bernadeth Pons, Filipino volleyball athlete 1999 - Carlotta Truman, German singer-songwriter Deaths 727 - Frithuswith, English saint 993 - Conrad I, King of Burgundy 1216 - John, King of England 1287 - Bohemond VII, Count of Tripoli 1354 - Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada 1375 - Cansignorio della Scala, Lord of Verona 1401 - John Charleton, 4th Baron Cherleton 1432 - John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English politician, Earl Marshal of England 1587 - Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1595 - Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel, English nobleman 1608 - Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and author 1609 - Jacobus Arminius, Dutch Reformed theologian 1619 - Fujiwara Seika, Japanese philosopher and educator 1636 - Marcin Kazanowski, Polish politician 1678 - Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter 1682 - Thomas Browne, English physician and author 1723 - Godfrey Kneller, German-English painter 1745 - Jonathan Swift, Irish satirist and essayist 1772 - Andrea Belli, Maltese architect and businessman 1790 - Lyman Hall, American physician and politician, 16th Governor of Georgia 1796 - Michel de Beaupuy, French general 1813 - Józef Poniatowski, Polish general 1815 - Paolo Mascagni, Italian physician and anatomist 1842 - Aleksey Koltsov, Russian poet and author 1851 - Marie Thérèse of France 1856 - William Sprague III, American businessman and politician, 14th Governor of Rhode Island 1889 - Luís I of Portugal 1897 - George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company 1901 - Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish businessman and philanthropist, founded GN Store Nord 1905 - Virgil Earp, American marshal 1916 - Ioannis Frangoudis, Greek general and target shooter 1918 - Harold Lockwood, American actor 1924 - Louis Zborowski, English race car driver and engineer 1936 - Lu Xun, Chinese author and critic 1937 - Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-English physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate 1943 - Camille Claudel, French sculptor and illustrator 1944 - Dénes Kőnig, Hungarian mathematician 1945 - Plutarco Elías Calles, Mexican general and politician, 40th President of Mexico 1945 - N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator 1950 - Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright 1952 - Edward S. Curtis, American ethnologist and photographer 1956 - Isham Jones, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader 1960 - George Wallace, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter 1961 - Şemsettin Günaltay, Turkish historian and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey 1964 - Sergey Biryuzov, Marshal of the Soviet Union 1964 - Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and critic 1964 - Christopher Vane, 10th Baron Barnard, English soldier and politician, Lord Lieutenant of Durham 1965 - Edward Willis Redfield, American painter and educator 1969 - Lacey Hearn, American sprinter 1970 - Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexican general and politician, 44th President of Mexico 1978 - Gig Young, American actor 1983 - Maurice Bishop, Aruban-Grenadian lawyer and politician, 2nd Prime Minister of Grenada 1984 - Jerzy Popiełuszko, Polish priest and activist 1985 - Alfred Rouleau, Canadian businessman 1986 - Dele Giwa, Nigerian journalist, co-founded Newswatch Magazine 1986 - Samora Machel, Mozambican commander and politician, 1st President of Mozambique 1987 - Jacqueline du Pré, English cellist and educator 1987 - Hermann Lang, German race car driver 1988 - Son House, American singer and guitarist 1992 - Magnus Pyke, English scientist and television host 1994 - Martha Raye, American actress and comedian 1995 - Don Cherry, American trumpet player 1995 - Harilaos Perpessas, Greek pianist and composer 1997 - Glen Buxton, American guitarist and songwriter 1997 - Ken Wood, English businessman 1999 - James C. Murray, American soldier, lawyer, and politician 1999 - Nathalie Sarraute, Russian-French lawyer and author 2002 - Nikolay Rukavishnikov, Russian physicist and astronaut 2003 - Road Warrior Hawk, American wrestler 2003 - Alija Izetbegović, Bosniak lawyer and politician, 1st President of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2003 - Margaret Murie, American environmentalist and author 2003 - Nello Pagani, Italian motorcycle racer and race car driver 2005 - Ryan Dallas Cook, American trombonist 2006 - James Glennon, American cinematographer 2006 - Phyllis Kirk, American actress 2007 - Winifred Asprey, American mathematician and computer scientist 2007 - Randall Forsberg, American activist and author 2007 - Michael Maidens, English footballer 2007 - Jan Wolkers, Dutch author, sculptor, and painter 2008 - Richard Blackwell, American actor, fashion designer, and critic 2009 - Howard Unruh, American murderer 2009 - Joseph Wiseman, Canadian-American actor 2010 - Tom Bosley, American actor 2011 - Kakkanadan, Indian author 2012 - Lincoln Alexander, Canadian lawyer and politician, 24th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario 2012 - Wissam al-Hassan, Lebanese general 2012 - Wiyogo Atmodarminto, Indonesian general and politician, 10th Governor of Jakarta 2012 - Mike Graham, American wrestler 2012 - Fiorenzo Magni, Italian cyclist 2013 - John Bergamo, American drummer and composer 2013 - Noel Harrison, English singer, actor, and skier 2013 - Ronald Shannon Jackson, American drummer and composer 2013 - Mikihiko Renjō, Japanese author 2013 - Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist and composer 2014 - John Holt, Jamaican singer-songwriter 2014 - Stephen Paulus, American composer 2014 - Raphael Ravenscroft, English saxophonist and composer 2014 - Serena Shim, Lebanese-American journalist 2015 - Leon Bramlett, American football player and politician 2015 - Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster 2015 - Fleming Mackell, Canadian ice hockey player and singer 2015 - Ali Treki, Libyan politician and diplomat, Libyan Minister of Foreign Affairs 2016 - Phil Chess, Czech-American record producer, co-founded Chess Records 2016 - Giovanni Steffè, Italian rower 2017 - Umberto Lenzi, Italian film director Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Aaron *Aquilinus of Évreux *Desiderius of Auxerre *Frideswide *Henry Martyn *Isaac Jogues, Jean de Brébeuf, and Companions *Blessed Jerzy Popiełuszko *Paul of the Cross *Ptolemaeus and Lucius *Varus *Veranus of Cavaillon *William Carey *October 19 Constitution Day, in honor of the country's independence in 1974. Mother Teresa Day
Popular articles UEFA Euro 2020 - The 2020 UEFA European Football Championship , commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2020 or simply Euro 2020 , is scheduled to be the 16th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international me... UEFA European Championship - The UEFA European Football Championship , commonly known as the UEFA European Championship and informally as the Euros , is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men... Cristiano Ronaldo - Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a forward for club Juventus and captains the Portugal national team. Often considered the best player in the ... FIFA World Cup - international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Interna... UEFA Euro 2016 - The 2016 UEFA European Football Championship , commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or simply Euro 2016 , was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football ch... Kylian Mbappé - French professional footballer who plays as a forward for Ligue 1 club Paris Saint-Germain and the France national team. Considered one of the best players in the world, h... Germany national football team - The Germany national football team represents Germany in men's international football and played its first match in 1908. The team is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Be... Popular movies Cruella (film) - upcoming American crime comedy film directed by Craig Gillespie from a screenplay written by Aline Brosh McKenna, Jez Butterworth, Dana Fox, Kelly Marcel, Tony McNamara, and Steve Ziss... F9 (film) - upcoming American action film directed by Justin Lin and written by Daniel Casey. A sequel to 2017's The Fate of the Furious , it will be the ninth main installment in the Fast & Furious ... A Quiet Place Part II - 2020 American horror film and the sequel to A Quiet Place . The sequel film was written and directed by John Krasinski and stars Emily Blunt, Millicent Simmonds, and Noah... The Conjuring: The Devil Made Me Do It - upcoming American supernatural horror film, directed by Michael Chaves, with a screenplay by David Leslie Johnson-McGoldrick, from a story by Johnson-McG... Gone Girl (film) - 2014 American psychological thriller film directed by David Fincher and with a screenplay by Gillian Flynn based on her 2012 novel of the same title. The film stars Ben Affleck, Rosam... Luca (2021 film) - upcoming 2021 American computer-animated coming-of-age comedy film produced by Walt Disney Pictures and Pixar Animation Studios to be distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. I... Cocktail (1988 film) - 1988 American romantic comedy-drama film directed by Roger Donaldson and written by Heywood Gould, whose screenplay was based on his book of the same name. The film tells the story of ... Popular video games Minecraft - sandbox video game developed by Mojang Studios. Created by Markus "Notch" Persson in the Java programming language and released as a public alpha for personal computers in 2... Elden Ring - collaborative effort between game director Hidetaka Miyazaki a... The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild - is a 2017 action-adventure game developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo Switch and Wii U consoles. Breath of the Wild is part of the Legend of Zelda franchise and is set at the end of... Roblox - online game platform and game creation system that allows users to program games and play games created by other users. Founded by David Baszucki and Erik Cassel in 2004 and released in... Shin Megami Tensei V - is an upcoming role-playing video game in development by Atlus. It is part of the Shin Megami Tensei series, itself a part of the larger Megami Tensei franchise, and is scheduled for release on th... Advance Wars - turn-based tactics video game developed for the Game Boy Advance by Intelligent Systems and published by Nintendo. It was released in North America on September 10, 2001 with a lat... Fatal Frame: Maiden of Black Water - survival horror video game developed by Koei Tecmo and published by Nintendo for the Wii U. The fifth main entry in the Fatal Frame series, it was released ... Popular books Nineteen Eighty-Four - dystopian novel by English novelist George Orwell. It was published on 8 June 1949 by Secker & Warburg as Orwell's ninth and final book... Bible - collection of religious texts or scriptures sacred to Christians, Jews, Samaritans, Rastafari and others. They generally consider the Bible to be a product of divine inspiration and a... SCP Foundation - fictional organization documented by the web-based collaborative-fiction project of the same name. Within the website's fictional setting, the SCP Foundation is responsible f... Trese - horror/crime black and white komik created by writer Budjette Tan and artist Kajo Baldisimo. It tells the story of Alexandra Trese, a detective who deals with crimes of supernatural origi... The Education of Little Tree - memoir-style novel written by Asa Earl Carter under the pseudonym Forrest Carter. First published in 1976 by Delacorte Press, it was initially promoted as an authen... Don Quixote - Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes. It was published in two parts, in 1605 and 1615. A founding work of Western litera... Romeo and Juliet - tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespear... Popular television series
Loki (TV series) - upcoming American web television miniseries created for Disney+ by Michael Waldron, based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. It is set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, shar... Lucifer (TV series) - American urban fantasy television series developed by Tom Kapinos that premiered on Fox on January 25, 2016. It is based on the DC Comics character created by Neil Gaiman, Sam Kieth, a... The Handmaid's Tale (TV series) - American dystopian tragedy web television series created by Bruce Miller, based on the 1985 novel of the same name by Canadian author Margaret Atwood. The series was ordere... Manifest (TV series) - American supernatural drama television series, created by Jeff Rake, that premiered on September 24, 2018, on NBC. The series centers on the passengers and crew of a commercial airlin... Grey's Anatomy - American medical drama television series that premiered on March 27, 2005, on the American Broadcasting Company as a mid-season replacement. The fictional series focuses on the ... Peaky Blinders (TV series) - British period crime drama television series created by Steven Knight. Set in Birmingham, England, the series follows the exploits of the Shelby crime family in the direct afterm... The Walking Dead (TV series) - American post-apocalyptic horror television series for AMC based on the comic book series by Robert Kirkman, Tony Moore, and Charlie Adlard. The series features a large ensemb...
OWIKI.org. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.