Frimley is a small town in the Borough of Surrey Heath in Surrey, England, approximately southwest of central London. The town is of Saxon origin, although it is not listed in Domesday Book of 1086.
Train services to Frimley, are operated by South Western Railway.
HistoryThe name Frimley is derived from the Saxon name Fremma's Lea, which means "Fremma's clearing". The land was owned by Chertsey Abbey from 673 to 1537 and was a farming village. More recently it was a coach stop on a Portsmouth and popular Southampton road for about four hundred years.
Frimley was not listed in Domesday Book of 1086, but is shown on the map as Fremely'', its spelling in 933 AD.
Frimley Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1799; it catered for both male and female patients, and received four patients from Great Fosters, Egham. Magistrates visited in 1807 and ordered the proprietors to stop chaining the patients.
An 1811 inventory from Frimley, a Workhouse, can be seen on the Surrey County Council website.
The present St. Peter's Church was built in 1826 replacing earlier buildings. The building has a balcony running around three sides of the interior. Dame Ethel Smyth once preached from the pulpit.
In 1904, the Brompton Hospital Sanatorium was established in Frimley to treat tuberculosis patients; it closed in 1985. Dr Marcus Sinclair Paterson was the first medical superintendent, and he developed a system of treatment called 'graduated labour' which generated a lot of interest from other health professionals. The treatment used controlled levels of physical activity.
In 1931 the staff at Frimley Cottage Hospital were unable to save the life of Lieutenant Hubert Chevis, who had been admitted, along with his wife Frances, after eating poisoned partridge meat. He died of strychnine poisoning. The case remains an unsolved murder mystery.
In 1959 the Cadet Training Centre at Frimley Park was formed following the 1957 publication of the Amery Report.
FacilitiesThe main shopping street includes a branch of Waitrose and some smaller shops, several restaurants, charity shops, a post office, a number of estate agents, solicitors, opticians, betting shops, an insurance broker and two public houses, the Railway Arms and the White Hart. Frimley Park Hospital is within the boundaries. One of the major employers in the town is BAE Systems, which occupies a building off Lyon Way. Siemens opened its main UK headquarters in Frimley in 2007.
Frimley Business Park is to the west on a north-south road, the A331. It has offices of the Environment Agency, Genesys Telecommunications, AMD and Novartis Pharmaceuticals.
DemographyThe usual number of residents in the ward, 6,178, belies the observation that this is the largest and most commercial settlement of the GU16 postcode which also covers the southernmost, Heatherside/Parkside, neighbourhoods Camberley of and the distinct villages of Frimley Green, Mytchett and Deepcut.
Industries of WorkThe working population worked as set out below in the official industry categorisations in 2011:
|Sector||% in Frimley||South East||UK|
|A Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing||0.1||0.7||0.8|
|B Mining and Quarrying||0.1||0.1||0.2|
|D Electricity, Gas Steam and Air Conditioning Supply||0.2||0.6||0.6|
|E Water Supply; Sewerage, Waste Management and Remediation Activities||0.4||0.7||0.7|
|G Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motor Cycles||14.8||15.6||15.9|
|H Transport and Storage||5.3||5.2||5.0|
|I Accommodation and Food Service Activities||4.2||5.0||5.6|
|J Information and Communication||6.6||5.5||4.1|
|K Financial and Insurance Activities||4.2||4.5||4.4|
|L Real Estate Activities||1.2||1.4||1.5|
|M Professional Scientific and Technical Activities||7.2||7.5||6.7|
|N Administrative and Support Service Activities||4.9||5.2||4.9|
|O Public Administration and Defence; Compulsory Social Security||5.1||6.0||5.9|
|Q Human Health and Social Work Activities||18.6||11.6||12.4|
|R to U||4.8||5.1||5.0|
NationalityThe ward is relatively representative of the nation as a whole in terms of national identity:
|% of Usual Residents who stated in 2011 they had a non-British identity only||Surrey Heath||South East||England|
Economic StatusThe proportions of those retired, unemployed and who were students in 2011 were extremely close to the regional average whereas those in the economically inactive category were fewer:
|Category||Frimley||Surrey Heath||South East||England|
|Economically inactive: other||1.3||1.8||1.8||2.2|
|Economically inactive: looking after home or family||4.0||4.4||4.4||4.4|
Those who replied that again there were no people in the household with English as their main language formed a proportion of the population 0.1% less than the national average.
Transportprovides access to Guildford, Ascot and London Waterloo. Frimley Lodge Park Railway is also nearby.
The town is situated close to the junction of the A325 Farnborough Road and A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road, which provides a link to the M3 Motorway junction 4.
EducationThere are a number of schools in Frimley including: The Grove Primary School, Lakeside Primary School, Ravenscote Junior School, Tomlinscote School and St Augustine's RC Primary School.
SportFrimley Town Football Club was formed over 100 years ago. It runs four teams, and the first team competes in the Senior Division of the Aldershot & District Football League. The club is based at Chobham Road recreation ground.
Frimley Green, a neighbouring village, has hosted the British Darts Organisation's World Professional Darts Championship since 1986 each January in the Lakeside complex.
- James Cobbett, famous cricketer and considered by many as the finest all-rounder of his day, was born in Frimley on 12 January 1804.
- Frimley Park Hospital was the birthplace in 1979 of Jonny Wilkinson, a fly-half for England Rugby Union and one of the most famous players in international professional rugby, and Lady Louise Windsor in 2003.
- James, Viscount Severn was born in Frimley Park Hospital in 2007.
- Toby Flood was born in Frimley in 1985.
- Chris Benham was born in Frimley on 24 March 1983. He has played county cricket for Hampshire.
- John McFall, British Paralympic sprinter, was born on 25 April 1981 in Frimley.
- Other sportsmen born in Frimley include cricketers James Lawrell and Richard Ingleby Jefferson ; and footballers Vic Niblett and Martin Kuhl.
- Garth Walford, recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Sir Harry Broadhurst, Air Chief Marshal of the Royal Air Force
- Lucy Rose, folk-musician
- Greg Bateman, premiership rugby player for Leicester Tigers, formerly of London Welsh and Exeter Chiefs
Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette grew up in nearby Frimley Green and later purchased One Oak Cottage in Frimley. Her family moved to Frimley Green in 1867 when her father was given command of the Royal Artillery at Aldershot.
DeathsNotable people buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's Church, Frimley include:
- John Frederick Lewis, a 19th-century painter
- Bret Harte, the American author
- William George Cubitt, who won the Victoria Cross in the Indian Mutiny for saving three men's lives at the risk of his own during the retreat from Chinhut
- Charles Wellington Furse a 19th-century painter
- Sir Doveton Sturdee a British admiral who decisively defeated the German squadron under Graf Maximilian von Spee at the Battle of the Falkland Islands in 1914, for which he was made a baronet
- Sir Charles Melliss VC, First World War general
- Arthur Cocks, first-class cricketer and the first British Army officer to be killed on D-Day
- George Edward Lodge, an illustrator of birds and an authority on falconry, died in Frimley on 5 February 1954.
Charles Kingsley refers to "a series of letters on the Frimley murder" in his Alton Locke, Tailor and Poet.
There is a brief mention of Frimley in Stephen King's Nightmares & Dreamscapes in the short story Crouch End. It reads: 'He did indeed move into council housing, a two-above-the-shops in Frimley'.
In The Reminiscences of Sir Henry Hawkins , chapter 18 tells of the trial of a bricklayer who, in a prize fight on Frimley Common, unfortunately killed his opponent. He appeared in court dressed as a young clergyman and was found innocent of the manslaughter charge because of doubts over his identity.