Wellington College, Berkshire
Wellington College is a co-educational day and boarding independent school in the village of Crowthorne, Berkshire, England. Wellington is a registered charity and currently educates roughly 1,100 pupils, between the ages of 13 and 18, per annum. It was built as a national monument to the first Duke of Wellington, in honour of whom the College is named. Queen Victoria laid the foundation stone in 1856 and inaugurated the School's public opening on 29 January 1859.
Many former Wellington pupils fought in the trenches during the First World War, a conflict in which 707 of them lost their lives, many volunteering for military service immediately after leaving school. A further 501 former pupils were killed in action in the Second World War.
The school is a member of the Rugby Group, which includes Harrow, Radley, Shrewsbury, and Winchester, and is also a member of the G20 Schools group.
HistoryWellington College was granted a royal charter in 1853 as "The Royal and Religious Foundation of the Wellington College", and was opened in 1859. Its first Master, which is the title of the headmaster, was Edward White Benson, who later became Archbishop of Canterbury. The college's Visitor is H.M. the Queen.
Originally, the school educated sons of deceased officers who had held commissions in the Army. In 1952 a Supplementary Royal Charter extended the privilege of eligibility to the orphan sons of deceased officers of the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force. By the 1960s, the school was considering becoming co-educational, but for some years the lack of financial resources prevented it from doing so. The first girls were admitted into the Sixth Form in the 1970s, and the school became fully co-educational in 2005. A recent change to the scheme of reduced fees early in 2006 extended the privilege to the orphan children of deceased servicemen or servicewomen of Her Majesty's Armed Forces irrespective of rank, and to the orphan children of persons who, in the sole opinion of the Governors, have died in acts of selfless bravery. However, only a minority of the children at the school now come from military families.
On 6 September 2013, readers of The Week magazine voted Wellington College "The Most Forward-Thinking School in the UK", and four days later Tatler magazine chose Wellington College as the "Best Senior School in Britain", at its Schools Awards evening in London.
Wellington College InternationalWellington is in partnership with Wellington College International Tianjin, in the city of Tianjin in mainland China, modelled on the buildings and ethos of the college, and which opened in August 2011. Wellington is also partnered with Wellington College International Shanghai, in the city of Shanghai, now open.
ArchitectureThe college buildings were designed by John Shaw, Jr., who had previously worked as an architect for Eton College. For its time, the design of the College was unusual compared to the popular form, but Prince Albert, who assisted in choosing the architect, was more interested in Shaw's classical approach, having already seen the architect's design for the old Royal Naval School in New Cross, London. The main buildings were designed in a style loosely termed "French Grand Rococo",. The chapel, notably only half its originally intended size, was designed by Sir Gilbert Scott. There have been several modern buildings, the best of which follow Shaw's grand rococo style: for example, the new Nicholson modern foreign-languages building.
The college was used as a filming location for the Netflix series The Crown as a stand-in for Kensington Palace in both Series Two, Episode Ten, and Season Three, Episode Ten. One of the college's original mottos Heroum Filii is visible in a scene of the Queen arriving at the palace and the college's official motto, Virtutis Fortuna Comes, is visible in a scene of the Queen leaving the palace.
LocationWellington College stands on a magnificent estate in South-East England, near Reading and Sandhurst. The grounds of the college include a 9-hole golf course, extensive woodland, and many playing fields, particularly those for cricket and rugby. The woodland area of the college is listed as a local nature reserve called Edgbarrow Woods. The grounds contain many unusual ant and spider species, and were frequented by the entomologist Horace Donisthorpe, who collected extensively there. The grounds also contain a Site of Special Scientific Interest, Wellington College Bog.
Masters of Wellington College
- Historian P. J. Marshall,
- Field Marshal, Sir Claude Auchinleck
- Field Marshal, Sir Geoffrey Baker
- Military historian, Sir Michael Howard
- Clergyman and author Revd, Canon David Watson
- Architect, Sir Nicholas Grimshaw
- Impressionist Rory Bremner
- Pakistani Politician, Hammad Azhar
- Adolphus Cambridge, 1st Marquess of Cambridge
- Theravāda Buddhist monk Ñāṇavīra Thera
- Author Sebastian Faulks
- Language school pioneer John Haycraft
- Political journalist Robin Oakley
- Actor, Sir Christopher Lee
- Liberal politician, George Ferguson who became the first elected Mayor of Bristol
- Writer George Orwell
- Author, Rupert Croft-Cooke
- Poet, Gavin Ewart
- Composer John Gardner
- World champion motor racing driver, James Hunt
- Leader of the House of Lords, Lord Strathclyde
- Journalist and television presenter, Peter Snow
- The UK Pop Idol winner, Will Young
- Revenge actor, Josh Bowman
- BRIT Award-nominated singer, Nerina Pallot
- Rugby union players, James Haskell and the brothers Max and Thom Evans.
- Michael Knatchbull, 5th Baron Brabourne.
- Soros family.
- Getty family.
- de Betak family.
- de Givenchy family.
- Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein.
- Prince Maurice of Battenberg.
- Prince Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke.
- Count Nikolai Tolstoy
- Most recently, Prince Constantine Alexios of Greece and Denmark and his young brother Prince Achileas-Andreas of Greece and Denmark.
The school has one of only around 20 racquets courts in the UK, and until recently three Eton Fives courts, now a café bar as part of the sports club.
The school has a clay pigeon shooting range on site, also having its first female captain of shooting in 2016: Amy Cribb.
Wellington College has been named as number one golf college in the UK on a few occasions with wins in 2009 at St Andrews and 2012 at Carnoustie in the Independent Schools Golf Association National Finals.
''The Wellingtonian''First published in 1859, the year of the College's foundation, The Wellingtonian has provided coverage of the current affairs of Wellington College and the wider world for over 150 years.
Student writers contribute to the magazine; student designers design the magazine; and student Editors compile the magazine. In recent years, The Wellingtonian has featured interviews with famous alumni of the College, including Sebastian Faulks and Will Young.
The editors of the magazine typically publish up to six print editions of the magazine each year.
Wellington Television (WTV)Wellington College's online television channel, WTV., was founded in 2011. The channel is operated entirely by students and produces student-related episode-based content every few weeks as well as one-off short films. WTV debuted at the 2011 Round Square International Conference, where it interviewed former King Constantine II of Greece, Karen Darke, Colin Jackson and Jasmine Whitbread.
In the past, WTV interviewed Ben Goldacre, Alexander Armstrong, AC Grayling and Tim Smit at the 2012 The Sunday Times Festival of Education. WTV created a James Bond parody featuring Headmaster Anthony Seldon which was featured in an article in the February 2014 edition of Private Eye. In 2014, it interviewed Simon Singh, Will Poulter and Katie Hopkins at the 2014 The Sunday Times Festival of Education. A 2014 Independent Schools Inspectorate integrated inspection report on Wellington College noted that “the innovative use of new media, as demonstrated by WTV, enriches parental communication, providing a detailed insight into the life of the pupils at the school”.
In 2015, as an opening film for the school's Speech Day, WTV created a parody of Pharrell Williams' hit-single 'Happy', which was featured in many national newspapers. Alongside supporting many of the school's other societies through various documentary-style films, WTV has been acclaimed for its work at the Telegraph Festival of Education with interviews with Gyles Brandreth and Ellie Bamber.
In 2017, WTV produced a film called 'Planet Wellington', feeding off the success of the popular BBC series 'Planet Earth II', for the opening of the 2017 Speech Day. The 2016-17 year also saw the creation of the series 'Pink Pav Sessions' and 'Solo'. Similarly to 2017, WTV produced the opening film for Speech Day 2018, 'Speech Day Pitch', in which the Master pushed his vision for the 'Five I's' while the student team continued to bring exclusive coverage of the Pearson Festival of Education with headline interviews with Piers Morgan and Susie Dent. In December 2018, WTV's 2012 interview with humanitarian Peter Dalglish was used in an episode of Al Jazeera's 101 East, entitled 'Nepal's Children at Risk'.
DukeBox RadioInitially launched in October 2016, DukeBox is the official radio station for the Wellington family of schools. It was founded by Barry Reilly, teacher at The Wellington Academy, to be a large, collaborative project between the numerous Wellington schools. The idea was to have a 24-hour radio station for students across the Wellington family to use as a creative outlet, and populate with their own programmes about anything and everything.
The current station manager is Elliott Sharman, former pupil of The Wellington Academy.
Combined Cadet Force (CCF)The Wellington College Combined Cadet Force, or CCF, has existed in its various forms since 1880. Commissioned members of the teaching staff who serve as CCF officers are attached to The Duke of Wellington's Regiment. The college also traditionally has two teams of field gun runners, and two runs are made annually at the college speech day. In 2012 field gun teams from the College took part in the British Military Tournament at Earl's Court, including female runners for the first time at the event. The Wellington College CCF is split into seven categories. These are Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Marines, Cavalry, Drum Corps and Marching Band.
The current RSM is Hugh Walsh
ControversiesThe school has been the subject of reports on bullying. In response to criticism, in 2006, it introduced 'well-being lessons' to the curriculum, in conjunction with a team at Cambridge University.
In 2005 the school was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel, exposed by The Times newspaper, which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents. Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared. However, Mrs Jean Scott, the head of the Independent Schools Council, said that independent schools had always been exempt from anti-cartel rules applied to business, were following a long-established procedure in sharing the information with each other, and were unaware of the change in the law. She wrote to John Vickers, the OFT director-general, saying, "They are not a group of businessmen meeting behind closed doors to fix the price of their products to the disadvantage of the consumer. They are schools that have quite openly continued to follow a long-established practice because they were unaware that the law had changed."
HousesThere are 17 houses at Wellington. The vast majority are composed of boarders with a small number of day pupils also, although two, Wellesley and Raglan, are day-pupil exclusive. Each house is either an 'in-house' or an 'out-house': in-houses are located within the main school buildings and quads while out-houses are located elsewhere on the college grounds. Each house has aspects distinguishing it from other houses, such as its own colours, insignia, and arms. Each house was named in honour of a significant figure in history, most usually although not exclusively figures associated with the many campaigns and battles of Wellington; notably the Blücher is named in honour of general field marshal von Blücher, the Combermere is named in honour of field marshal Stapleton Cotton, and the Stanley is named in honour of the longest serving leader of the Conservative and Unionist Party the 14th Earl of Derby.
|House||Colours||Insignia||Gender||Boarding or Day||Housemaster or Housemistress|
|Anglesey||Maroon and Blue||A Star||F||Boarding||R. E. Loaring|
|Apsley||Blue and Black||A Pineapple||F||Boarding||A. C. Christodoulou|
|Benson||Blue and Silver||A Rose||M||Boarding||D. M. G. Clements|
|Beresford||Medium Blue and Black||A Horseshoe||M||Boarding||K. G. Reesby|
|Blücher||Black and White||A Fleur-de-lis||M||Boarding||S. A. S. Owen|
|Combermere||Gold and Brown||A Lion||F||Boarding||S. M. L. Mackenzie|
|Hardinge||Green and Brown||An Anchor||F||Boarding||S. N. Y. Jobson|
|Hill||Purple and White||A Skull and Crossbones||M||Boarding||P. R. Mann|
|Hopetoun||Yellow and Blue||A Moon and Star||F||Boarding||P. P. & S. C. D. Gutteridge|
|Lynedoch||Navy Blue and Black||An Iron Cross||M||Boarding||M. J. Cawdron|
|Murray||Purple and Black||A Moon||M||Boarding||O. J. Peat|
|Orange||Orange and Black||A Double-headed Eagle||F||Boarding||T. F. Wayman|
|Picton||Pink and Brown||An Eagle||M||Boarding||D. R. Edwards|
|Raglan||Red and Grey||A Panther||M||Day||G. D. Carr|
|Stanley||Maroon and Light Blue||A Unicorn||M||Boarding||C. M. Sutton|
|Talbot||Maroon and White||An Iron Cross||M||Boarding||J. S. White|
|Wellesley||Pink and White||A Pelican||F||Day||K. A. Larkin|
The Orange, Combermere, Hopetoun, and Anglesey were all formerly boys' houses but converted to girls' houses between 2005 and 2011.
The Old Wellingtonian SocietyThe Old Wellingtonian Society is the alumni society for the college and was founded in 1890. The Old Wellingtonian Society was set up to further the interests of the college and its past and present members, and to keep former pupils in touch with each other and with the school.
The Old Wellingtonian Society maintains a register of names of all who have passed through the college since the school's establishment in 1859 and the addresses of all living alumni.