In 1952 the Columbia Broadcasting System formed an in-house television production unit, CBS Productions, as well as facilities in the newly established CBS Television City in the Fairfax District in West Los Angeles. Also formed is CBS Television Film Sales as the distributor of off-network and first-run syndicated programming to local television stations in the United States and abroad. In 1963, CBS Studio Center is established in Studio City district of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley. Later in 1971, CBS Films is spun off as Viacom International, Inc. The company is re-established as CBS, Inc., in 1974. In 1978, the production unit gained the secondary/alternate name CBS Entertainment Productions. In 1994, Westinghouse Electric acquired CBS. Viacom merged with its creator CBS, in 1999.
Paramount Pictures' early television ventures
In 1939, experimental television stations were established in Los Angeles as Television Productions Inc. and Chicago with Balaban and Katz. Commercial broadcasting began in 1943 over WBKB'' in Chicago. Commercial broadcasting began in 1947 over KTLA in Los Angeles. In 1949, the first major studio to establish program syndication as Paramount Television Network. Paramount branched out of broadcasting in 1964 with the sale of KTLA to Golden West Broadcasters.
formed in 1950 by Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball. Desilu Studios was established in Hollywood and Culver City in 1957, after Arnaz/Ball purchased the RKO studio lot. Desilu Sales Inc. was formed in 1962 as the company's syndication arm. In 1967, Desilu Productions was acquired by Gulf+Western Industries. The company becomes the TV division of Paramount Pictures Corporation in July, retaining the Desilu name until the end of that year. Desilu Sales, in turn, merges with Paramount's syndication division to become Paramount Television Sales.
2006: On January 17, CBS Corporation CEO Les Moonves announced that Paramount Television would be renamed CBS Paramount Television as of that day, after merging with CBS Productions, with both the CBS 'eyemark' and Paramount's mountain united in the new logo, and the network division becoming CBS Paramount Network Television.
2006: CBS Corp. merged its TV distribution arms—King World, CBS Paramount International Television and CBS Paramount Domestic Television—to form CBS Television Distribution.
2009: May, CBS quietly drops the Paramount name after a -year loan of its use from the sister company Viacom, forming CBS Television Studios.
CBS Television Studios
CBS Paramount Television was the only CBS division that used the Paramount name and logo in its own name and logo. All three of its original divisions had used Paramount in their name: CBS Paramount Network Television, CBS Paramount Domestic Television, and CBS Paramount International Television. When the companies split, CBS had permission to use the Paramount name for three years. The contract expired in 2009, and thus the Paramount name was gone from television for good, after 42 years as a production company, and before that, the owners of two early television stations, an earlier production company, and part-owners of the DuMont Television Network until its revival in 2013 now running as Paramount Television Studios. The new company exempts programming from the revived CBS Productions, the in-name-only producer of 90210, Melrose Place and Three Rivers, among others. National Amusements retained majority control of both CBS and the second Viacom. For a short time, many of Paramount's theatrical films were distributed domestically by CBS Television Distribution. Paramount Home Media Distribution continues to distribute home video sales of CBS shows through the CBS DVD brand. The studio had an output deal with Australia's Network Ten, in which Ten receives first airing rights to the studio's productions. The deal ended after Network Ten's administration and later acquisition by CBS in 2017, giving Ten acquisition rights through now-owner CBS Studios International. Until recently in the U.S., King World distributed its product independently from CBS Paramount Domestic Television, while internationally CBS Paramount International Television handled distribution and sales. As of September 16, 2007, the CBS Television Distribution logo appears after shows that had been distributed by King World. From 2009 until 2011, all shows produced by the company aired on either CBS or The CW. In the past, Paramount Television produced shows for all networks, but especially had a good relationship with ABC. The Cleaner, which aired on A&E until September 2009, was the most recent show from the company to air on a network other than CBS or the CW. This was until Black Entertainment Television began airing new episodes of The Game in 2011. In 2012, USA Network began airing Common Law. CTS does not directly produce any shows appearing on Showtime, a premium cable television networkco-owned with the studio. Instead, sister company Showtime Entertainment handles in-house productions for the network. However, CTD and its international arm handle syndication distribution for these shows if they ever appear in syndication. On October 25, 2018, CBS Television Studios announced the opening of a new animation division named CBS Eye Animation Productions. A new Star Trek series entitled Star Trek: Lower Decks was announced at the same time. In January 2019, Disney+ ordered Diary of a Future President from CBS Television Studios, its first series from an outside production company. It was announced on August 14, 2019, that parent company CBS Corporation would reunite with Viacom into a combined media company and be renamed ViacomCBS. For the first time in 13 years, ViacomCBS will encompass Paramount's film studio, the current incarnation of its television division and CBS's production studio under one umbrella.
CBS Paramount Television/CBS Paramount Network Television