British Academy Film Awards
The British Academy Film Awards or BAFTA Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts to honour the best British and international contributions to film. The ceremonies were initially held at the flagship Odeon cinema in Leicester Square in London, before being held at the Royal Opera House from 2008 to 2016. Since 2017, the ceremony has been held at the Royal Albert Hall in London.
HistoryThe British Academy of Film and Television Arts was founded in 1947 as The British Film Academy, by David Lean, Alexander Korda, Carol Reed, Charles Laughton, Roger Manvell and others. In 1958, the Academy merged with The Guild of Television Producers and Directors to form The Society of Film and Television, which eventually became The British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 1976.
The stated charitable purpose of BAFTA is to "support, develop and promote the art forms of the moving image, by identifying and rewarding excellence, inspiring practitioners, and benefiting the public". In addition to high-profile awards ceremonies, BAFTA runs a year-round programme of educational events, including film screenings and tribute evenings. BAFTA is supported by a membership of about 6,000 people from the film, television, and video game industries.
The Academy's awards are in the form of a theatrical mask designed by American sculptor Mitzi Cunliffe, in response to a commission from the Guild of Television Producers in 1955.
Annual ceremonyThe ceremony previously took place in April or May, but since 2001 it has been held in February in order to precede the Academy Awards. Most of the awards are open to all nationalities, though there are awards for Outstanding British Film and Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Producer or Director. Only UK films are eligible for the categories of The British Short Film and British Short Animation awards.
The Awards ceremony is delayed broadcast on British television the same evening, and across the world. The first broadcast was on the BBC in 1956. It has been broadcast in colour since 1970. In the United States it is shown on BBC America.
During each annual ceremony, BAFTA pauses to pay tribute to those in the industry who have died over the past 12 months, showcasing a montage of images accompanied by music.
LocationThe award ceremony is held in London. From 2000 to 2007, the ceremonies took place at the flagship Odeon cinema in Leicester Square. Between 2008 and 2016, the ceremonies took place at the Royal Opera House. The 70th Awards in 2017, and subsequent ceremonies, were held at the Royal Albert Hall.
SponsorshipUntil 2012, the mobile telephone network Orange sponsored the awards. Orange's parent company, EE, took over the sponsorship of the event from 2013.
- BAFTA Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles
- BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay
- BAFTA Award for Best British Screenplay
- BAFTA Award for Best British Actor
- BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
- BAFTA Award for Best British Actress
- BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
- BAFTA Award for Best Original Song
- BAFTA United Nations Award.
- BAFTA Fellowship
- Outstanding British Contribution to Cinema Award
ActingIn acting categories, Peter Finch holds the record for most awards won by an actor, with 5 wins. Michael Caine, Dustin Hoffman and Laurence Olivier are tied for most nominations, with 8 nominations each. Judi Dench and Maggie Smith are tied for most awards won by an actress, with 5 wins each, while Meryl Streep holds the record for most nominations, with 15.
DirectingIn the category for Best Director, John Schlesinger, Roman Polanski, Woody Allen, Alan Parker, Louis Malle, Joel Coen, Peter Weir, Ang Lee, and Alfonso Cuarón tie for the most wins in this category, with two each. Martin Scorsese holds the record for most nominations, with ten. Steven Soderbergh is the only director to receive two nominations in the same year.
- Most awards won by a single film
- * Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, with 9 wins.
- Most nominations received by a single film
- * Gandhi, with 16 nominations.
- Most nominations without winning an award
- * Women in Love and Finding Neverland, with 11 nominations each.
- Oldest person to win an award
- * Emmanuelle Riva winning Best Actress in a Leading Role for Amour.
- Youngest person to win an award
- * Jamie Bell winning Best Actor in a Leading Role for Billy Elliot.
|1st||29 May 1949|
|2nd||29 May 1949|
|3rd||29 May 1950|
|4th||22 February 1951|
|5th||8 May 1952|
|6th||5 March 1953|
|7th||25 March 1954|
|8th||10 March 1955|
|9th||1 March 1956||Vivien Leigh|
|10th||11 July 1957|
|11th||6 March 1958|
|13th||22 March 1960|
|14th||6 April 1961|
|15th||5 April 1962|
|16th||7 May 1963|
|17th||3 April 1964|
|21st||28 March 1968|
|22nd||26 March 1969|
|23rd||8 March 1970|
|24th||4 March 1971|
|25th||23 February 1972|
|26th||28 February 1973|
|27th||6 March 1974|
|28th||26 February 1975|
|29th||17 March 1976|
|30th||24 March 1977||Esther Rantzen|
|31st||16 March 1978|
|32nd||22 March 1979||Sue Lawley|
|33rd||20 March 1980|
|34th||22 March 1981|
|35th||18 March 1982|
|36th||20 March 1983||Frank Bough|
|37th||25 March 1984|
|38th||5 March 1985||Terry Wogan|
|39th||16 March 1986|
|40th||22 March 1987||Ronnie Corbett|
|41st||March 1988||Michael Aspel|
|42nd||19 March 1989||David Dimbleby|
|43rd||11 March 1990||Magnus Magnusson|
|44th||17 March 1991||Noel Edmunds|
|45th||22 March 1992||Michael Aspel|
|46th||21 March 1993||Griff Rhys Jones|
|47th||15 April 1994||Sheena McDonald|
|48th||9 April 1995||Billy Connolly|
|49th||23 April 1996||Angus Deayton|
|50th||29 April 1997||Lenny Henry|
|51st||18 April 1998||Rory Bremner|
|52nd||11 April 1999||Jonathan Ross|
|53rd||9 April 2000||Jack Docherty|
|54th||25 February 2001||Stephen Fry|
|55th||24 February 2002||Stephen Fry|
|56th||23 February 2003||Stephen Fry|
|57th||15 February 2004||Stephen Fry|
|58th||12 February 2005||Stephen Fry|
|59th||19 February 2006||Stephen Fry|
|60th||11 February 2007||Jonathan Ross|
|61st||10 February 2008||Jonathan Ross|
|62nd||8 February 2009||Jonathan Ross|
|63rd||21 February 2010||Jonathan Ross|
|64th||13 February 2011||Jonathan Ross|
|65th||12 February 2012||Stephen Fry|
|66th||10 February 2013||Stephen Fry|
|67th||16 February 2014||Stephen Fry|
|68th||8 February 2015||Stephen Fry|
|69th||14 February 2016||Stephen Fry|
|70th||12 February 2017||Stephen Fry|
|71st||18 February 2018||Joanna Lumley|
|72nd||10 February 2019||Joanna Lumley|
|73rd||2 February 2020||Graham Norton|